nutritional oedema

nutritional oedema

Abnormal fluid retention in the tissues (oedema) resulting especially from lack of protein in states of starvation or malnutrition. Oedema can, however, occur in starvation even if the blood levels of albumin are not lowered.
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Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) is defined by very low weight for height/length (Z score below -3 SD of the median WHO child growth standards), a mid-upper arm circumference <115 mm, or by the presence of nutritional oedema.
They should also be able to recognise nutritional oedema of the feet, which is another sign of this condition.
Golden et al (13) in a study examined the association between plasma albumin and nutritional oedema by observing the changes in albumin during loss of oedema in patients on a restricted diet.
Anti-diuretic factor in the urine of children with nutritional oedema: Nutritional oedema is associated with an increased secretion of an anti-diuretic substance (probably anti-diuretic hormone) which prevents the normal excretory response to water administration.
With a view to reveal the precise role of ferritin in the pathogenesis of nutritional oedema, Gopalan and Srikantia (17) investigated the sequence of changes occurring in induced protein and calorie under-nutrition with focus on oedema formation in monkeys.

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