nucleolus


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to nucleolus: Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

nucleolus

 [noo-kle´o-lus] (L.)
a rounded refractile body in the nucleus of most cells, which is the site of synthesis of ribosomal RNA, becoming enlarged during periods of synthesis and smaller during quiescent periods; multiple nucleoli occur in some cells.

nu·cle·o·lus

, pl.

nu·cle·o·li

(nū-klē'ō-lŭs, -lī), Avoid the mispronunciation nucleo'lus.
1. A small, rounded mass within the cell nucleus where ribosomal ribonucleoprotein is produced; it is usually single, but there may be several not bound to membrane accessory nucleoli besides the principal one. The nucleolus is composed of a meshwork (nucleolonema) of microfilaments and granules and the pars amorpha, now shown to have microfilaments also.
2. A more-or-less central body in the vesicular nucleus of certain protozoa in which an endosome is lacking but one or more Feulgen-positive (DNA+) nucleoli are present; characteristic of certain sporozoans, flagellates, opalinids, dinoflagellates, and radiolarians among the Protozoa. The chromatin material is distributed throughout the nucleus rather than peripherally, as in the endosome type of nucleus of Entamoeba.
[L. dim of nucleus, a nut, kernel]

nucleolus

/nu·cle·o·lus/ (noo-kle´o-lus) pl. nucle´oli   [L.] a rounded refractile body in the nucleus of most cells, which is the site of synthesis of ribosomal RNA.

nucleolus

(no͞o-klē′ə-ləs, nyo͞o-)
n. pl. nucleo·li (-lī′)
A small body in the nucleus of a cell that contains protein and RNA and is the site for the synthesis of ribosomal RNA and for the formation of ribosomal subunits.

nu·cle′o·lar (-lər) adj.

nucleolus

[no̅o̅klē′ələs] pl. nucleoli
Etymology: L, little nut kernel
any one of the small, dense structures composed largely of ribonucleic acid that are situated within the cytoplasm of cells. Nucleoli are essential in the formation of ribosomes that synthesize cell proteins.

nu·cle·o·lus

, pl. nucleoli (nū-klē'ŏ-lŭs, nū-klē'ō-lī)
A small, rounded mass within the cell nucleus where ribonucleoprotein is produced.
[L. dim of nucleus, a nut, kernel]

nucleolus

A small, dense rounded body found in the nucleus of most cells. The nucleolus generates RIBOSOMES and is the site of the transcription of ribosomal RNA. The size and number of nucleoli in a cell nucleus vary with the amount of protein synthesized by the cell.

nucleolus

(pl. nucleoli) an organelle found within the nuclei of EUKARYOTES, that contains RIBOSOMAL RNA and is associated with that part of the chromosome which codes for rRNA. Each nucleus contains one or more nucleoli, which appear darkly stained in preparations.

nucleolus

small area within the cell nucleus, where ribonucleoprotein is formed

nucleolus

pl. nucleoli [L.] a rounded refractile body in the nucleus of most cells, which is the site of synthesis of ribosomal RNA, becoming enlarged during periods of synthesis and smaller during quiescent periods; multiple nucleoli occur in some cells.

nucleolus organizer site
chromosomal sites for attachment of nucleoli.
References in periodicals archive ?
NYSE:ENZ), has added a novel new system to its CELLestial[TM] line of live cell analysis products, providing expanded capability to simultaneously image both the nucleus and the nucleolus in living cells, the Company announced today.
The nucleus, nucleolus, and cytoplasm of the large anaplastic cells stained blue.
The histology varied from zones of spindle cells with angulated nuclei, vesicular chromatin, and a single conspicuous nucleolus (Figures 3 and 4), admixed with plasma cells, lymphocytes, neutrophils, and eosinophils, to areas of dense sclerosis and collagen accumulation.
The epithelial cell s contained oval nuclei with focally clumped chromatin and one electron-dense nucleolus.
The cells in the prolymphocytoid MCL (MCL-P) (Figure 2) and the prolymphocytic mantle cell leukemia (Figure 3) were characterized by their intermediate to large size and a single prominent nucleolus.
The tumour cells had irregular nuclear outlines, finely granular chromatin and a single large nucleolus.
It is this information that becomes the nucleolus for the most successful types of mesothelioma compensation settlements.
The tumour cell has a large, irregular nucleus and a prominent nucleolus, with heavily pigmented melanosomes (hematoxylin and eosin x200).
The proventriculus consists of a single-layered epithelium of cuboidal cells each with a central nucleus containing decondensed chromatin and a prominent nucleolus.
Baleegh-Ur-Rehman said that the teachers serve as a nucleolus for the education system.
considers value solutions for superaddidive transferable utility games in coalition function form, then moves to the issue of Zeuthen-Nash bargains, nontransferable utility games and games in partition function forms, proposes a Shapley value algorithm for games in partition function forms, and then extends the nucleolus to nontransferable utility games in partition function form.