nosocomial


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Related to nosocomial: Nosocomial infection

nosocomial

 [nos″o-ko´me-al]
pertaining to or originating in a hospital.
nosocomial infection an infection acquired during hospitalization. More than one third of all such infections are easily preventable without sophisticated and expensive equipment or procedures. In most cases washing the hands after each patient contact is the most effective way to prevent the spread of infections. Other measures include basic cleanliness and sanitation in handling and storing of equipment, and particularly careful handling of urinary catheters and drainage bags. In addition to the urinary tract, other common sites of infection are the respiratory tract and surgical wounds. The Joint Commission on the Accreditation of Health Care Organizations sets specific standards for in-house control of infection. See also infection control.

nos·o·co·mi·al

(nos'ō-kō'mē-ăl),
1. Relating to a hospital.
2. Denoting a new disorder (not the patient's original condition) associated with being treated in a hospital, such as a hospital-acquired infection.
[G. nosokomeion, hospital, fr. nosos, disease, + komeō, to take care of]

nosocomial

/noso·co·mi·al/ (nos″o-ko´me-il) pertaining to or originating in a hospital.

nosocomial

(nŏs′ə-kō′mē-əl)
adj.
1. Of or relating to a hospital.
2. Relating to or being an infection that a patient acquires while being treated in a hospital.

nosocomial

[nos′əkō′mē·əl]
Etymology: Gk, nosokomeian, hospital
1 pertaining to a hospital.
2 pertaining to a secondary disorder associated with hospitalization but unrelated to the primary condition of the patient.

nosocomial

adjective Pertaining to a hospital, often used in reference to an infection acquired whilst in hospital.

nosocomial

adjective Relating to a hospital, commonly referring to an infection acquired while interned in a hospital. See Iatrogenic. Cf Community acquired.

nos·o·co·mi·al

(nōzō-kōmē-ăl)
1. Relating to a hospital.
2. Denoting a new disorder (not the patient's original condition) associated with being treated in a hospital, such as a hospital-acquired infection.
[G. nosokomeion, hospital, fr. nosos, disease, + komeō, to take care of]

nosocomial

Of disease pertaining to, or acquired in, a hospital. The term is used especially to refer to infections more likely to occur in hospital than out of hospital. From Greek nosokomion , a hospital.

Nosocomial

Contracted in a hospital. Pneumonia caused by H. influenzae is an example of a nosocomial infection.
Mentioned in: Hemophilus Infections

nos·o·co·mi·al

(nōzō-kōmē-ăl)
1. Relating to a hospital.
2. Denoting a new disorder (not the patient's original condition) associated with being treated in a hospital, such as a hospital-acquired infection.
[G. nosokomeion, hospital, fr. nosos, disease, + komeō, to take care of]

nosocomial (nos´əkō´mēəl),

adj related to a hospital; a condition described as nosocomial is one that occurs as a direct result of hospital treatment.

nosocomial

pertaining to or originating in a hospital.

nosocomial infections
those acquired during hospitalization or during attendance at any veterinary medical facility.
References in periodicals archive ?
The major outcome of nosocomial sepsis, despite advances in neonatal care and the use of different antibiotics and adjuvant therapies, is related to a lack of sufficient improvement in the neonatal immune system and interactions between the microorganisms and neonatal responses.
Nosocomial pneumonia developed in an ICU setting increases morbidity and mortality (2).
ursingii isolate from a patient in Japan with a nosocomial bloodstream infection.
Patients admitted in to the ICU have been revealed to be at particular danger of acquiring nosocomial infection at a prevalence rate of 30%.
9) The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) has implemented the National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance System (NNISS) to standardize hospital associated infection (HAI) surveillance.
The incidence density rate of nosocomial infections was calculated by dividing the total number of nosocomial infections by the total patient-days (x1000) during the defined period of time.
pneumoniae nosocomial sepsis required nasotracheal intubation, second- or third-line antibiotics and steroids, these differences were not statistically significant.
Besides CHD children were vulnerable to nosocomial infections because of developmental retardation low immunity
Proportions of RVGE among all AGE hospitalizations and ER visits; the incidence of nosocomial RVGE among all hospitalizations were estimated.
Furthermore, molecular diagnostics solutions are also considered to play a key role in hospital acquired disease testing market since they provide accurate, more rapid and cost-effective diagnosis for numerous nosocomial infections.
A review of the Nosocomial Infections products under development by companies and universities/research institutes based on information derived from company and industry-specific sources.
In fact, the 17% figure represents the mortality rate for nosocomial Clostridium difficile-associated disease during an epidemic caused by a hypervirulent strain in Quebec)