nosocomial


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Related to nosocomial: Nosocomial infection

nosocomial

 [nos″o-ko´me-al]
pertaining to or originating in a hospital.
nosocomial infection an infection acquired during hospitalization. More than one third of all such infections are easily preventable without sophisticated and expensive equipment or procedures. In most cases washing the hands after each patient contact is the most effective way to prevent the spread of infections. Other measures include basic cleanliness and sanitation in handling and storing of equipment, and particularly careful handling of urinary catheters and drainage bags. In addition to the urinary tract, other common sites of infection are the respiratory tract and surgical wounds. The Joint Commission on the Accreditation of Health Care Organizations sets specific standards for in-house control of infection. See also infection control.

nos·o·co·mi·al

(nos'ō-kō'mē-ăl),
1. Relating to a hospital.
2. Denoting a new disorder (not the patient's original condition) associated with being treated in a hospital, such as a hospital-acquired infection.
[G. nosokomeion, hospital, fr. nosos, disease, + komeō, to take care of]

nosocomial

/noso·co·mi·al/ (nos″o-ko´me-il) pertaining to or originating in a hospital.

nosocomial

(nŏs′ə-kō′mē-əl)
adj.
1. Of or relating to a hospital.
2. Relating to or being an infection that a patient acquires while being treated in a hospital.

nosocomial

[nos′əkō′mē·əl]
Etymology: Gk, nosokomeian, hospital
1 pertaining to a hospital.
2 pertaining to a secondary disorder associated with hospitalization but unrelated to the primary condition of the patient.

nosocomial

adjective Pertaining to a hospital, often used in reference to an infection acquired whilst in hospital.

nosocomial

adjective Relating to a hospital, commonly referring to an infection acquired while interned in a hospital. See Iatrogenic. Cf Community acquired.

nos·o·co·mi·al

(nōzō-kōmē-ăl)
1. Relating to a hospital.
2. Denoting a new disorder (not the patient's original condition) associated with being treated in a hospital, such as a hospital-acquired infection.
[G. nosokomeion, hospital, fr. nosos, disease, + komeō, to take care of]

nosocomial

Of disease pertaining to, or acquired in, a hospital. The term is used especially to refer to infections more likely to occur in hospital than out of hospital. From Greek nosokomion , a hospital.

Nosocomial

Contracted in a hospital. Pneumonia caused by H. influenzae is an example of a nosocomial infection.
Mentioned in: Hemophilus Infections

nos·o·co·mi·al

(nōzō-kōmē-ăl)
1. Relating to a hospital.
2. Denoting a new disorder (not the patient's original condition) associated with being treated in a hospital, such as a hospital-acquired infection.
[G. nosokomeion, hospital, fr. nosos, disease, + komeō, to take care of]

nosocomial (nos´əkō´mēəl),

adj related to a hospital; a condition described as nosocomial is one that occurs as a direct result of hospital treatment.

nosocomial

pertaining to or originating in a hospital.

nosocomial infections
those acquired during hospitalization or during attendance at any veterinary medical facility.
References in periodicals archive ?
Together with our collaborators at Affinivax and the University of Maryland School of Medicine, we are accelerating research and development of a vaccine for important pathogens causing nosocomial infections, one of the most common HAIs," said Donna Ambrosino, M.
Nosocomial transmission of measles has been frequently reported and has a major role in the epidemiology of this disease, especially in industrialized countries (6,7).
The incidence density rate of nosocomial infections was calculated by dividing the total number of nosocomial infections by the total patient-days (x1000) during the defined period of time.
The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the antibacterial effect of the association between conventional antibiotics and essential oils of two thyme species, Thymus maroccanus and Thymus broussonetii, on antibiotic resistant bacteria involved in nosocomial infections.
The group estimates that insurance companies pay up to seven times more for the care of patients with nosocomial infections than for those who don't contract infections in the hospital.
Healthcare-associated infections (HAI) is the term used for hospital-acquired or nosocomial infections because of the variety of places where patients may undergo treatment and acquire infection.
Early diagnosis of nosocomial pneumonia in the ICU is vital, as the prompt initiation of appropriate antibiotic therapy reduces mortality.
Nosocomial infections are infections that are contracted or develop while a patient is in the hospital.
Background & objectives: Antibiotic resistant bacterial nosocomial infections are a leading problem in intensive care units (ICU).
Nosocomial infections are those that people get while being a hospital patient.
Conclusion: The dendrogram analysis confirmed the significant genomic diversity of this organism and demonstrated that community-acquired P aeruginosa infections were genomically different from those obtained from nosocomial infections.
Objective: To evaluate nosocomial infections (NI) following cardiovascular surgery (CVS), and to share the first seven-year experience of the infection control commission in a private medical center.