TTM may occur in the form of fever reduction, controlled normothermia
(NT), or induced hypothermia (FIT).
Suntouch radiant warming was not as effective as forced air warming in maintaining normothermia
during surgical operations lasting more than two hours.
Aggressive rewarming to achieve normothermia
in severely injured patients is a critical component of improving coagulopathy and restoring normal physiologic function.
Of the 17 patients admitted with shock and treated with hypothermia, 5 (29%) were able to return home and live independently, compared with none of the 14 patients in shock who were treated with normothermia
Quality initiatives, including the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) and the Surgical Care Improvement Project (SCIP), and professional organizations such as the Association of PeriOperative Registered Nurses (AORN), the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) and the American Society of Peri-Anesthesia Nurses (ASPAN), all note the important role of normothermia
maintenance and several specifically mention forced-air technology as a key means of warming.
A recent Cochrane review of traumatic brain injury found no benefit to cooling and recommended normothermia
Temperature management is important to consider in the interventional neuroradiology suite as these procedures can often be long, and active measures to maintain normothermia
should be routine in these patients.
Patients were extubated in the intensive care unit (ICU), after confirmation of hemodynamic stability, normothermia
and absence of surgical complications.
Temperature distributions in normal and neoplastic tissues during normothermia
The second category includes those that maintain normothermia
(normal body temperature) in patients exposed to the surgical environment and due for a surgical procedure.
Open-heart operations with disposable oxygenators, 5 per cent dextrose prime, and normothermia
Several panelists said that including a third arm comparing the two active treatments with normothermia
would be ethically acceptable and helpful, but not critical.