Previous researchers recognize the need to account for nonsynchronous
trading and calendar effects to determine whether lead-lag patterns in returns and variances are actual economic relations, or merely manifestations of microstructure and calendar anomalies.
Table 1 and Panel A of Table 2 report results obtained when trading returns are measured beginning with the closing index value that initially generates a signal, while in Panel B of Table 2 we report portfolio results obtained when a one-day lag is imposed to allow for the effects of nonsynchronous
Williams, 1977, "Estimating Betas from Nonsynchronous
Data," Journal of Financial Economics 5, 309-327.
Into this already fertile ground, ripe for creative clashes of nonsynchronous
temporalities, Cervantes introduces the rustic, clown prince Sancho Panza, an illiterate peasant who cultivates the earth for a living, and who possesses an embodied sense of temporality strongly identified with somatic experience, and the diurnal and seasonal cycles of the natural world.
The increase in weed density was mainly due to nonsynchronous
behaviour of weed seed germination and their wide periodicity under field conditions.
Lo and MacKinlay  attribute the positive autocorrelation in daily stock returns to nonsynchronous
Not only did hermaphroditic individuals have nonsynchronous
male and female gametogenesis, but there also appeared to be differential resorption of male and female gametic products.
Intrinsically, some pathological characteristics in ALS such as changes in distal axon caliber, [sup] proximal axonal swellings [sup] and ongoing Wallerian degeneration along axons [sup] may cause dispersion of the efferent volley, resulting in a nonsynchronous
muscle response, and this potential functional abnormality would make detection of changes of F waves difficult.
spatial overlap of lizards in patchy habitats.
Having established volatility spillover, and low conditional correlations between equities markets of Americas, we proceed to investigate the possibility of nonsynchronous
relationship-dynamics that may be unobservable from returns' correlations.
Estimating betas from nonsynchronous
data, Journal of Financial Economics 5(3): 309-327.
At one level, this is the experience of being simultaneously in mutually contradicting scales of existence--as being both de Certeau's eagle on high and the walker in the streets; as enmeshed in Bloch's nonsynchronous