Patients with nonpalpable testis underwent diagnostic laparoscopy and patients with PUDT underwent inguinal orchiopexy.
The surgical intervention choice was diagnostic laparoscopy in case of nonpalpable testis (M and NPIAT groups) and was inguinal orchiopexy in PUDT group.
Laparoscopy In the management of the nonpalpable testis
The patients with bilateral nonpalpable testis
underwent the protocol prepared by endocrinologists (hormonal examinations, gonatotropine test, etc).
In the event that the EUA confirms the existence of a nonpalpable testis, the nurse notifies the family that laparoscopy will be performed.
Ultrasonography is unnecessary in evaluating boys with a nonpalpable testis.
8) However, in patients with a nonpalpable testis
, radiologic evidence of a close relationship between the missing gonad and the spleen may arouse the suspicion of the presence of this anomaly.
If the testis cannot be felt, then the child is considered to have a nonpalpable testis.
In the case of a nonpalpable testis, laparoscopy is now the surgical approach of choice.
A nonpalpable testis
is generally intra-abdominal, beneath the external oblique, or atrophic and absent (usually as a result of neonatal torsion).
Current findings in diagnostic laparoscopic evaluation of the nonpalpable testis