noma


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noma

 [no´mah]
gangrenous processes of the mouth or genitalia. In the mouth (cancrum oris, gangrenous stomatitis), it begins as a small gingival ulcer and results in gangrenous necrosis of surrounding facial tissues. The condition on the genitalia is called erosive balanitis in males and erosive vulvitis in females.

no·ma

(nō'mă),
A gangrenous stomatitis, usually beginning in the mucous membrane of the corner of the mouth or cheek, and then progressing fairly rapidly to involve the entire thickness of the lips or cheek (or both), with conspicuous necrosis and complete sloughing of tissue; usually observed in poorly nourished children and debilitated adults, especially in poorer socioeconomic groups, and frequently preceded by another disease, for example, kala azar, dysentery, or scarlet fever. A similar process (n. pudendi, noma vulvae) also may involve the labia majora. Several organisms are usually found in the necrotic material, but fusiform bacilli, Borrelia organisms, staphylococci, and anaerobic streptococci are most frequently observed.
[G. nomē, a spreading (sore)]

noma

/no·ma/ (no´mah) gangrenous processes of the mouth or genitalia. In the mouth (cancrum oris, gangrenous stomatitis), it begins as a small gingival ulcer and results in gangrenous necrosis of surrounding facial tissues; on the genitalia, the appearance is similar, affecting the penis in males and the labia majora, one after the other, in females.

noma

(nō′mə)
n.
A severe, often gangrenous inflammation of the lips and cheek or of the female genitals that often occurs following an infectious disease and is found most often in children who are malnourished or have poor hygiene.

noma

[nō′mə]
Etymology: Gk, nome, distribution
an acute, necrotizing ulcerative process involving mucous membranes of the mouth or genitalia. The condition is most commonly seen in severely malnourished, debilitated persons, especially children with poor nutrition and hygiene. There is rapid spreading and painless destruction of bone and soft tissue accompanied by a putrid odor caused by oral anaerobic bacteria, especially Fusobacterium nucleatum. Treatment involves high-dose penicillin, debridement, and improved nutrition. Healing eventually occurs, but often with disfiguring defects. Also called gangrenous stomatitis.

noma

Gangrenous stomatitis, cancrum oris ENT An acute necrotizing, polymicrobial infection of orofacial tissues seen in malnourished children, which rapidly erodes to deep tissue, exposing bone and teeth Microbiology Anaerobic fusospirochetes–eg,.Borrelia vincenti and Fusobacterium nucleatum, rarely, Bacteroides melaninogenicus and filiform gram-negative bacteria Treatment High dose IV penicillin; correct dehydration and malnutrition. See Herpes stomatitis.

no·ma

(nō'mă)
Gangrenous stomatitis with conspicuous necrosis and sloughing of tissue. Several organisms are usually found in the necrotic material, but fusiform bacilli, Borrelia organisms, staphylococci, and anaerobic streptococci are most frequently observed.
Synonym(s): stomatonecrosis.
[G. nomē, a spreading (sore)]

noma

See CANCRUM ORIS.

no·ma

(nō'mă)
Gangrenous stomatitis, usually beginning in mucous membrane of corner of mouth or cheek, then progressing fairly rapidly to involve entire thickness of lips or cheek (or both), with conspicuous necrosis and complete sloughing of tissue; usually observed in poorly nourished children and debilitated adults, especially in poorer socioeconomic groups, and frequently preceded by another disease, e.g., kala azar, dysentery, or scarlet fever.
Synonym(s): cancrum oris.
[G. nomē, a spreading (sore)]

noma (nō´mə),

n a progressive necrotizing process originating in the cheek with secondary involvement of the gingiva and jawbone. Occurs primarily in debilitated children, and the mortality rate is high. There is a strong, foul odor; marked surrounding edema; absence of a specific erythematous halo; marked changes in the white blood cell count; and a high temperature. See also necrosis, exanthematous and stomatitis, gangrenous.
Enlarge picture
Noma.

noma

an idiopathic disorder similar to oral necrobacillosis; a rapidly spreading pseudomembranous to gangrenous stomatitis.
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