nitrofuran


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

nitrofuran

 [ni″tro-fu´ran]
any of a group of antibacterials, including nitrofurantoin, nitrofurazone, and others, that are effective against a wide range of bacteria.

nitrofuran

/ni·tro·fu·ran/ (-fu´ran) any of a group of antibacterials, including nitrofurantoin, nitrofurazone, etc., that are effective against a wide range of bacteria.

nitrofuran

(nī′trō-fyo͝or′ăn′, -fyo͝o-răn′)
n.
Any of several drugs derived from furan that are used to inhibit bacterial growth.

nitrofuran

[-fyo̅o̅′ran]
one of a group of synthetic antimicrobials used to treat infections caused by protozoa or by certain gram-positive or gram-negative bacteria. The precise mechanism by which nitrofurans exert their antimicrobial effects is not known, but several bacterial and protozoal enzyme systems are inhibited. Two agents commonly prescribed are furazolidone and nitrofurantoin. Furazolidone is used to treat bacterial and protozoal diarrhea and enteritis. Nitrofurantoin is used to treat urinary tract infections caused by Escherichia coli and other enteric pathogens of the urinary tract. Systemic administration of nitrofurans is associated with many side effects, the most common being nausea and diarrhea. Serious side effects include polyneuropathies and several hypersensitivity reactions, including pneumonitis and blood dyscrasias. Nitrofurans can cause hemolytic anemia in patients with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency. Lastly, they cause a harmless brown discoloration of the urine.

nitrofuran

a group of antibacterials, including nitrofurantoin, nitrofurazone, etc., that are widely used in food animals because of their effectiveness against gram-negative bacteria. They are used orally formass medication in both feed and water. See also furazolidone, nitrofurantoin, nitrofurazone, nifuroxime, nifuratel.
References in periodicals archive ?
An EC statement said: "The Commission proposal provides that all consignments of crustaceans originated from India and intended for food or feed to be tested at the place of origin for presence of nitrofurans or their metabolites.
No nitrofurans have been found in Brazilian turkey since the tests were introduced.
Nitrofuran could cause cancer and was banned by the United States from being administered to food-producing animals in 2002.
Furthermore, there have been no reports of nitrofuran traces in poultry meat or poultry-based products from Brazil since August 2003, according to routine checks carried out by Member States.
The FDA has earlier taken steps to prevent busineses with violative shipments from continuing to import shrimp containing nitrofuran and chloramphenicol by placing them on current import alerts.
Each MPEDA laboratory is fully equipped to conduct analytical testing for steroids, stilbenes and banned substances such as Chloramphenicol, Nitrofuran metabolites, antibacterials including Tetracycline, Sulphadiazine, Organic-Chlorine pesticides and dyes in fish and fishery products.
Since March 2002, all consignments into the European Union of Thai shrimp and poultry had to be tested for the presence of nitrofuran residue - which experts say can cause cancer through long-term consumption.
The increase followed news reports that chicken products from Malaysia had nitrofuran residues.
Tenders are invited for Lot 1 - ELISA kit for determining nitrofuran (AOP) RIDASCREEN Nitrofuran (AOZ) 96 definitions, lot 2 - ELISA kit for determining nitrofuran (AMOZ) RIDASCREEN Nitrofuran (AMOZ) 96 definitions, Lot 3 - ELISA kit for determining nitrofuran (EMS ) RIDASCREEN Nitrofuran (SEM) on 96 definitions, lot 4 - ELISA kit for determining nitrofuran (AGD) RIDASCREEN Nitrofuran (AND) on 96 determinations
Asian exporters, intent on maintaining business in Europe, have intensified quality control measures to meet stringent EU inspection regulations which call for zero tolerance of boomed residues such as nitrofuran, chloramphenicol and other antibiotics.
The results of nitrofuran testing undertaken in 2002 should be received by the end of March.