nictitating membrane(redirected from nictitating membrane prolapse)
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pli·ca sem·i·lu·na·'ris of con·junc·ti·'va[TA]
1. the semilunar fold formed by the palpebral conjunctiva at the medial angle of the eye;
2. a fold of the conjunctival mucous membrane found in many animals; normally partially hidden in the medial canthus of the eye when at rest, it may be extended to cover part or all of the cornea in a winklike action to clean the cornea, as in birds. Synonym(s): membrana nictitans, nictitating membrane, palpebra III, palpebra tertia, third eyelid
A transparent inner eyelid in many vertebrates that closes to protect and moisten the eye. Also called third eyelid.
nictitating membranethe third eyelid that occurs in birds, reptiles, and some mammals, sharks and amphibians. It is transparent and flicks over the eyeball from the inner (anterior) corner of the eye to clean and moisten the eyeball without shutting out the light. In some diving birds such as auks, there is a lens-like window in the membrane which adjusts the focus of the eye under water.
nictitating membrane flap
using the membrana nictitans (third eyelid) as a flap in the treatment of corneal ulcer by sewing the eyelid across the cornea.
nictitating membrane prolapse
occurs when the globe of the eye is depressed in the orbit, as in dehydration and emaciation. It is also a diagnostic sign of tetanus in many species; the membrane flicks across the eye whenever the animal is startled.