nicotinamide


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nicotinamide

 [nik″o-tin´ah-mīd]
nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide (NAD) a coenzyme that is involved in many biochemical oxidation-reduction reactions. The symbols for the oxidized and reduced forms are NAD and NADH.
nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP) a coenzyme similar to nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide but involved in fewer reactions. The symbols for the oxidized and reduced forms are NADP and NADPH.

nic·o·tin·a·mide

(nik'ō-tin'ă-mīd),
The biologically active amide of nicotinic acid, used in the prevention and treatment of pellagra.

nicotinamide

/nic·o·tin·a·mide/ (nik″o-tin´ah-mīd) niacinamide.
nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide  (NAD) a coenzyme composed of nicotinamide mononucleotide in pyrophosphate linkage with adenosine monophosphate; it is involved in numerous enzymatic reactions, in which it serves as an electron carrier by being alternately oxidized (NAD+) and reduced (NADH).
nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate  (NADP) a coenzyme composed of nicotinamide mononucleotide coupled by pyrophosphate linkage to adenosine 2′,5′-bisphosphate; it serves as an electron carrier in numerous reactions, being alternately oxidized (NADP+) and reduced (NADPH).

nicotinamide

nic·o·tin·a·mide

(nik'ō-tin'ă-mīd)
The biologically active amide of nicotinic acid, used in the prevention and treatment of pellagra.
Synonym(s): niacinamide.

nicotinamide

See NIACIN.

nicotinamide

a crystalline basic amide of the vitamin B complex.

nicotinamide

biologically active amide of nicotinic acid

nicotinamide

the amide of the B group vitamin, niacin, occurring naturally in the body and interconvertible with niacin; used in the prophylaxis and treatment of pellagra in humans. Called also niacinamide.

nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD)
a coenzyme that is involved in many biochemical oxidation-reduction reactions. The symbols for the oxidized and reduced forms are NAD+ and NADH.
nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP)
a coenzyme similar to nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide but involved in fewer reactions. The symbols for the oxidized and reduced forms are NADP+ and NADPH.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nicotinamide is a brain constituent with benzodiazepine-like actions.
Like Polypodium leucotomos and nicotinamide, milk thistle is nontoxic.
They were randomized evenly to receive nicotinamide (500 mg twice daily) or placebo for 12 months.
Online, some retailers offered nicotinamide for prices ranging from a nickel to a dollar a tablet, sometimes combined with other things.
Swelling studies indicated that swelling increased with the following order: water > nicotine > nikethamide > nicotinamide > nicotinic acid.
The findings of the present study indicate that a simultaneous administration of Nicotinamide and Streptozocin resulted in type 2 diabetes mellitus, characterized by increased blood glucose, lipid profile, and oxidative stress as well as with decreased serum insulin.
In tests on mice, those that were fed nicotinamide for 10 weeks as part of a high-fat diet put on 60% less weight than those that were not.
To assess the safety and the efficacy of nicotinamide as adjunctive therapy to calcium carbonate (as calcium based phosphate binder).
Although nicotinic acid is converted to nicotinamide in the body, they have different modes of action and side effects when used in pharmacological doses.
Nicotinamide, the amide derivative of vitamin B3, is the precursor for the coenzyme nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide ([NAD.
The human Sir2 gene family encodes for seven protein products, one of which, SIRT1, is a nicotinamide adenine dinucleoti-dedependent deacetylase controlling gene expression, cellular metabolism and cellular stress responses.
Most of the energy of fatty acids is extracted through oxidation to produce the reduced forms of high-energy electron carriers nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) and flavin adenine dinucleotide ([FADH.

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