neutralization


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to neutralization: neutralization test

neu·tral·i·za·tion

(nū'trăl-i-zā'shŭn),
1. The change in reaction of a solution from acid or alkaline to neutral by the addition of just a sufficient amount of an alkaline or of an acid substance, respectively.
2. The rendering ineffective of any action, process, or potential.

neutralization

[-īzā′shən]
Etymology: L, neutralis + Gk, izein, to cause
the interaction between an acid and a base that produces a solution that is neither acidic nor basic. The usual products of neutralization are a salt and water. neutralize, v.

neu·tral·i·za·tion

(nū'trăl-ī-zā'shŭn)
1. The change in reaction of a solution from acid or alkaline to neutral by the addition of just a sufficient amount of an alkaline or an acid substance, respectively.
2. The rendering ineffective of any action, process, or potential.
Synonym(s): neutralisation.

neutralization

1. A technique for determining the power of an ophthalmic lens. It is accomplished by placing a lens of known power and opposite sign in contact with the unknown lens and moved back and forth in a plane perpendicular to the line of sight until the observation of movement (against or with) of the distant image seen through the lenses disappear. The unknown lens will have the opposite power to that which neutralizes this apparent movement. 2. A method of breaking down hydrogen peroxide from a contact lens (mostly soft) following contact lens disinfection to avoid possible irritation to ocular tissues. This can be achieved by rinsing and dilution with saline, by using a solution with an enzyme catalase or a platinum disc incorporated into the lens case, or with a chemical agent such as sodium pyruvate or sodium thiosulfate. See disinfection; focimeter.

neu·tral·i·za·tion

(nū'trăl-ī-zā'shŭn)
1. The change in reaction of a solution from acid or alkaline to neutral by the addition of a sufficient amount of an alkaline or an acid substance, respectively.
2. The rendering ineffective of any action, process, or potential.
Synonym(s): neutralisation.

neutralization,

n the reaction of an acid with a base.

neutralization

the state of having been converted to neutrality from acid or base. Used also in microbiology to indicate neutralization of a toxin or of infectivity.

neutralization tests
tests based on the ability of an antibody to neutralize the biological activity of an antigen. These may utilize antitoxins and toxins or immune serum and viruses or bacteria. The tests are often quantitative whereby antibody (serum) is serially diluted; the reciprocal of the highest dilution of serum neutralizing a standard amount of toxin or virus or bacteria is the neutralizing antibody titer of that serum.
References in periodicals archive ?
As before, opacity increases initially, reaching a value close to that of DETA for a degree of neutralization of 1.
If you're seeking world-class pH adjustment, acid waste neutralization and handling among other industrial needs with a personal, client-focused touch, contact Wastech Controls & Engineering, Inc.
Therefore, this pseudovirus-based neutralization assay could be used as an alternative for safely conducting serologic studies in a rapid response in assessing the threat posed by subtype H7N9 virus.
So, if allergic reactions relate to environmental issues and Provocation Neutralization technique is highly successful in neutralizing these reactions, why isn't this technique utilized by mainstream allergists?
2 that the swelling ratio increased with increasing neutralization temperature.
After we performed the confirmation step, up to 70% of the initially reactive samples had <50% neutralization activity.
Symposium on Production and Neutralization of Negative Ions and Beams (10th: 2004: Kiev, Ukraine) Ed.
But Russia, in typical Soviet fashion, insists that the weapons should be considered destroyed after the initial neutralization process, even though the components could be recombined again into weapons.
At elevated levels, sulfur can act as a harmful element, resulting in magnesium neutralization and increased dross formation.
According to Sykes and Matza's (1957) neutralization theory, delinquents as well as nondelinquents subscribe to conventional norms, but delinquents differ from nondelinquents in using techniques to neutralize such norms when participating in morally offensive behavior.
According to JR West, neutralization through alkaline loss due to a chemical reaction between calcium hydroxide in the concrete and carbon dioxide in the air is the main cause of the deterioration.