neutral position


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neutral position

Orthopedics The position of a joint where the bones that make up the joint are placed in the optimal position for maximal movement

neutral position

; NP; reference position position of the leg and foot when the subject stands in normal angle and base of gait; used as the reference position for assessment of deviations from the norm (Table 1)
Table 1: Features of the neutral or reference position of the joints of the foot and lower limb
JointCharacteristics at neutralAvailable motion
HipThe legs are in line with the trunk, parallel to one another and in the sagittal plane
The femoral condyles lie in the frontal plane
Flexion/extension
Adduction/abduction
Internal/external rotation
KneeKnee joint fully extended
Thigh and lower leg in line in sagittal and frontal planes
Flexion
AnklePlantar aspect of the foot on the horizontal plane/weight-bearing surface
Lower leg perpendicular to the sagittal and frontal planes/weight-bearing surface
Dorsiflexion/plantarflexion
SubtalarBisection of the posterior aspect of the calcaneum perpendicular to horizontal plane/weight-bearing surfaceSupination/pronation
Midtarsal complexPlantar aspects of the metatarsal heads lie in horizontal plane/on weight-bearing surface
Joint maximally pronated
Supination
First rayPlantar aspect of the first metatarsal head in same plane as lesser metatarsal heads, and horizontal planeDorsiflexion/plantarflexion
Inversion/eversion
Second/third/ fourth raysMaximally dorsiflexed on horizontal plane/weight-bearing surfacePlantarflexion
Fifth rayPlantar aspect of the fifth metatarsal head in same plane as lesser metatarsal heads, and horizontal planeDorsiflexion/plantarflexion
Inversion/eversion
First metatarsophalangeal jointPlantar aspect of hallux in ground contact on horizontal plane and the hallux neither adducted nor abductedFlexion/extension
Adduction/abduction
Circumduction

neu·tral po·si·tion

(nūtrăl pŏ-zishŭn)
Ideal positioning of the body while performing work activities associated with decreased risk of musculoskeletal injury.

neutral position,

n correct ergonomic positioning of the clinician's body in order to reduce stress and fatigue on muscles and joints during intraoral care of a patient, thereby reducing the possibility of neuromuscular disorders or repetitive strain injuries to the clinician.
References in periodicals archive ?
The non-availability of appropriate size flexo-metallic endotracheal tube increased the challenge of maintaining the airway patent in neutral position.
In the neutral position, if you can't get your opponent opened up for a takedown, get him called for stalling.
HAND-WEEDING can be done by squatting, bending your knees and keeping your back in its neutral position.
Make sure you have something like a pad to kneel on and try to keep your back in its neutral position.
2]O using a cuff inflator (VBM cuff pressure gauge, VBM Medizintechnik, Germany) with the head and neck in the neutral position.
By law, custodians must maintain a neutral position and can only convey the IRS regulations and their firm's investment policies; they cannot offer advice on transactions.
Last year, the BMA moved to a neutral position on the issue - neither opposing nor campaigning for assisted dying.
Exhale as you press out and keep your wrists in a neutral position.
Leaders of Northwest Airlines' pilots union took a neutral position on a tentative agreement reached with the company.
This lets your hip joints move into a more neutral position and relieves the stress on the nerve.
Release and bring both arms back into a neutral position.