neurosurgery


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neurosurgery

 [noor″o-ser´jer-e]
surgery of the nervous system.

neu·ro·sur·ger·y

(nūr-ō-sŭr'jĕr-ē),
Surgery of the nervous system.

neurosurgery

/neu·ro·sur·gery/ (noor´o-sur″jer-e) surgery of the nervous system.

neurosurgery

(no͝or′ō-sûr′jə-rē, nyo͝or′-)
n. pl. neurosurger·ies
Surgery on any part of the nervous system.

neu′ro·sur′geon (-jən) n.
neu′ro·sur′gi·cal (-jĭ-kəl) adj.

neurosurgery

[-sur′jərē]
Etymology: Gk, neuron + cheirourgia, surgery
any surgery involving the brain, spinal cord, or peripheral nerves. Brain surgery is performed to treat a wound, vascular disorders, or epilepsy; remove a tumor or foreign body; relieve pressure in intracranial hemorrhage or hydrocephaly; excise an abscess; treat parkinsonism; or relieve pain. Before surgery, diagnostic skull x-ray films, a CT, MRI, stereotactic CT or MRI, magnetic resonance angiography, ventriculogram, and/or arteriogram are done; a diagnostic electroencephalogram, lumbar tap, or brain scan may be done. A blood type and crossmatch are done. Parenteral corticosteroids are given if cerebral edema is present, and urea may be given to reduce intracranial pressure. Narcotics and hypnotics are avoided, and the nurse must confirm any that are ordered. After surgery, vital signs and changes in the level of consciousness, speech, and muscle strength are monitored closely. Any yellowish drainage from the wound may be cerebrospinal fluid and is reported immediately. Sterile dressing technique is essential. Surgery of the spine is performed to correct a defect, remove a tumor, repair a ruptured intervertebral disk, or relieve pain. After surgery, vital signs and changes in the level of consciousness, speech, and muscle strength are monitored closely. Any yellowish drainage from the wound may be cerebrospinal fluid and is reported immediately. Sterile dressing technique is essential. Surgery of the spine is performed to correct a defect, remove a tumor, repair a ruptured intervertebral disk, or relieve pain. Before surgery computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging scans, relevant labs, and perhaps a blood type and crossmatch are done. After surgery the nurse keeps the patient's spine in good alignment. Return of sensation and motor function are monitored carefully. Kinds of spinal surgery include fusion and laminectomy. Surgery on the peripheral nerves is performed to remove a tumor, relieve pain, or reconnect a severed nerve. After surgery the nurse observes closely the return of sensation to the area. One kind of nerve surgery is sympathectomy.

neurosurgery

The surgical subspecialty dedicated to the management of diseases of the brain and peripheral nervous system.

neurosurgery

The surgical subspecialty dedicated to the management of diseases of the brain and peripheral nervous system

neu·ro·sur·ger·y

(nūr'ō-sŭr'jĕr-ē)
Surgery of the nervous system.

neurosurgery

The discipline concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the nervous system that can be relieved or cured by surgical intervention. Neurosurgery is concerned mainly with head injury involving internal bleeding; tumours of the brain or spinal cord; disorders of the spinal skeleton affecting the spinal cord; abnormalities of the arteries of the nervous system, such as aneurysms around the base of the brain; congenital disorders such as hydrocephalus or spina bifida; and abscesses of the nervous system following infection.

neu·ro·sur·ger·y

(nūr'ō-sŭr'jĕr-ē)
Surgery of the nervous system.

neurosurgery,

n surgery involving the brain, spinal cord, or peripheral nerves.

neurosurgery

surgery of the nervous system.
References in periodicals archive ?
It also recommended increasing cooperation between Oman Neurosurgery Society and its regional and international counterparts, besidesenhancing the existing neurosurgery units in Salalah and Sohar.
Because the field of neurosurgery has traditionally advanced almost solely on the basis of improved surgical techniques using standard instrumentation, neurosurgeons are somewhat reluctant to adopt new technology compared to their counterparts in other specialties, making positive clinical data demonstrating device efficacy, favorable clinical outcomes, and health economic value essential to market growth.
North America has the largest market for neurosurgery followed by Europe.
Neurosurgery was established in South Africa by an impressive founder generation and we face the future with a number of strengths.
Helen and Morris Mauerberger Professor and Head of the Division of Neurosurgery, University of Cape Town
The current crisis, of course, affects South Wales where two neurosurgery units at Swansea and Cardiff are under threat of merger.
Mainstream neurosurgery has to be consolidated in bigger centres because you do not have the critical mass in a small centre to provide a safe, effective service.
But Mr Kerr has revealed plans to shut its neurosurgery department and merge it with Scotland's three other centres at one site.
Martin, chief of neurosurgery at UCLA Medical Center, helped develop the world's first remote-control robot in an intensive care unit.
The list of new applications is steadily growing and includes pre-surgical mapping for neurosurgery as well as MEG-MRI integration to enhance the accuracy of surgical navigation and planning of open surgery and radiation treatments.