neurosis


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Related to neurosis: psychoneurosis, neurotic disorder

neurosis

 [noo͡-ro´sis] (pl. neuro´ses)
former name for a category of mental disorders characterized by anxiety and avoidance behavior. In general, the term has been used to refer to disorders in which the symptoms are distressing to the person, reality testing does not yield unusual results, behavior does not violate gross social norms, and there is no apparent organic etiology. Such disorders are currently classified as anxiety disorders, dissociative disorders, mood disorders, sexual disorders, and somatoform disorders.
anxiety neurosis an obsolete term (Freud) for conditions now reclassified as panic disorder and generalized anxiety disorder.
hysterical neurosis a former classification of mental disorders, now divided into conversion disorder and dissociative disorders.
obsessive-compulsive neurosis former name for obsessive-compulsive disorder.
prison neurosis chronophobia occurring in prisoners having trouble adjusting to a long prison sentence, characterized by feelings of restlessness, panic, anxiety, and claustrophobia.
transference neurosis a phenomenon occurring in most psychoanalyses, in which the patient undergoes, with the analyst as the object, an intense repetition of childhood conflicts, reexperiencing impulses, feelings, and fantasies that originally developed in relation to the parent.

neu·ro·sis

, pl.

neu·ro·ses

(nū-rō'sis, -sēz),
1. A psychological or behavioral disorder in which anxiety is the primary characteristic; defense mechanisms or any phobias are the adjustive techniques that a person learns to cope with this underlying anxiety. In contrast to the psychoses, people with a neurosis do not exhibit gross distortion of reality or gross disorganization of personality but in severe cases, those affected may be as disabled as those with a psychosis.
2. A functional nervous disease, or one in which there is no evident lesion.
3. A peculiar state of tension or irritability of the nervous system; any form of nervousness.
Synonym(s): neurotic disorder
[neuro- + G. -osis, condition]

neurosis

/neu·ro·sis/ (ndbobr-ro´sis) pl. neuro´ses  
1. former name for a category of mental disorders characterized by anxiety and avoidance behavior, with symptoms distressing to the patient, intact reality testing, no violations of gross social norms, and no apparent organic etiology.
2. in psychoanalytic theory, the process that gives rise to these disorders as well as personality disorders and some psychotic disorders, being triggering of unconscious defense mechanisms by unresolved conflicts.

character neurosis  a type of high-level personality disorder with some neurotic characteristics.
hysterical neurosis  former name for a group of conditions now divided between conversion disorder and dissociative disorders.

neurosis

(no͝o-rō′sĭs, nyo͝o-)
n. pl. neuro·ses (-sēz)
A mild mental disorder characterized by excessive anxiety, insecurity, or obsession, usually compensated for by various defense mechanisms.

neurosis

[no̅o̅rō′sis] pl. neuroses,
former name for a category of mental disorders in which the symptoms are distressing to the person, reality testing is intact, behavior does not violate gross social norms, and there is no apparent organic cause. Classified in DSM-IV under anxiety disorders, dissociative disorders, mood disorders, sexual disorders, and somatoform disorders.

neurosis

Psychology An older term for a disorder characterized by excess anxiety and avoidance behaviors Neuroses Anxiety disorder, dissociative disorder, mood disorder, personality disorder, bipolar I disorder, depression, histrionic personality disorder, obsessive-compulsive behavior, phobias. See Neurotic disorder, Semi-starvation neurosis, Sunday neurosis.

neu·ro·sis

, pl. neuroses (nūr-ō'sis, -sēz)
1. A psychological or behavioral disorder in which anxiety is the primary characteristic; defense mechanisms or any of the phobias are the adjustive techniques that a person learns to cope with this underlying anxiety. In contrast to the psychoses, people with a neurosis do not exhibit gross distortion of reality or disorganization of personality.
2. A functional nervous disease, or one for which there is no evident lesion.
3. A peculiar state of tension or irritability of the nervous system; any form of nervousness.
Synonym(s): neurotic disorder, psychoneurosis.
[neuro- + G. -osis, condition]

neurosis

Any long-term mental or behavioural disorder, in which contact with reality is retained and the condition is recognized by the sufferer as abnormal. Attempts have been made to prohibit the term as pejorative and insulting but these have failed mainly because of a more complete and humane understanding of the subject and of the plight of neurotic sufferers. A neurosis essentially features anxiety or behaviour exaggeratedly designed to avoid anxiety. Defence mechanisms against anxiety take various forms and may appear as PHOBIAS, OBSESSIONS, COMPULSIONS or as sexual dysfunctions. In recent attempts at classification, the disorders formerly included under the neuroses have, possibly for reasons of political correctness, been given new names. The general term, neurosis, is now called anxiety disorder; hysteria has become a somatoform or conversion disorder; amnesia, fugue, multiple personality and depersonalization have become dissociative disorders; and neurotic depression has become a dysthymic disorder. These changes are helpful and explanatory but ignore the futility of euphemism. Psychoanalysis has proved of little value in curing these conditions and Freud's speculations as to their origins are not now widely accepted outside Freudian schools of thought. Neurotic disorders are probably best regarded as being the result of inappropriate early programming. Cognitive behaviour therapy seems effective in some cases.

neu·ro·sis

, pl. neuroses (nūr-ō'sis, -sēz)
1. Psychological or behavioral disorder with anxiety as primary characteristic; affected patients may be as disabled as those with a psychosis.
2. A functional nervous disease, or one in which there is no evident lesion.
3. A peculiar state of tension or irritability of the nervous system.

neurosis,

n a diffusely defined term referring to a mental disorder for which professional help may be needed but that is milder than a psychosis; generally, a functional disorder in which there is no gross personality disorganization but there is an inability to cope effectively with some routine frustrations, anxieties, and daily problems. Somatic conditions may be factors in the cause and may be symptoms in a neurosis; however, the use of the term to describe a dysfunction of the nervous system is obsolete. Also called
psychoneurosis.

neurosis

pl. neuroses; an emotional disorder that can interfere with an animal's ability to lead a normal life; sometimes called psychoneurosis. Examples are weaving, crib-biting and psychogenic dermatosis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Walker is making the motion platform chair at the heart of Neurosis open source and hopes it will inspire school children to get involved with engineering and science projects.
Aunque en esa epoca ya Lacan y otros psicoanalistas consideraban el triptico psicopatologico en cuestion desde la perspectiva freudiana, seria Laplanche el vulgarizador de la idea, al presentar bajo el titulo de Neurosis, psicosis y perversion un recuento de escritos de Freud (1973).
Habiendo aislado el factor etiologico, se propone ahora examinar los dos estados patologicos nerviosos que causa--los que bien podriamos llamar enfermedades de la civilizacion-: las neurosis actuales y las psiconeurosis, de las que ya se habia ocupado durante anos en su investigacion, y que constituia por entonces su propuesta nosologica, su aporte, digamoslo asi, al campo de la clinica psiquiatrica.
Podemos agregar que Knight no amplia unicamente el termino "limite", sino ademas constata que se trata de un estado permanente del sujeto, que no varia en el tiempo mayormente y que presenta una sintomatologia diversa que --como senalamos- linda entre la psicosis y la neurosis, aludiendo de algun modo al surgimiento de una nueva categoria clinica, distinta a las ya existentes.
En la genesis de la neurosis esta el proceso de represion y su motor es la angustia frente a una perdida inminente.
The concept of neurosis by William Cullen as a scientific revolution
Maxwell argues that the neurosis has damaging consequences in that it allows this activity to continue in a way in which it fails to pursue what he calls "wisdom-inquiry" rather than "knowledge-inquiry.
In cases like Maureen's, it is what we call obsessive neurosis where the feelings are irrational, but the person knows that, and they understand it must be kept under control.
In a book that is part psychoanalytic text and part philosophical treatise, Anthony Reading leads us on a journey through the pathology of expectation, the neurosis of despair, and the psychology of hope.
1% of those who continuously take benzodiazepine anxiolytic said that they are diagnosed as autonomic nerve imbalance, followed by insomnia, panic disorder, anxiety neurosis and menopause.
As earlier research noted, to a significant degree, the soldier's expectation of outcome predicted recovery from war neurosis.