neuromuscular

(redirected from neuromuscular paralysis)
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neuromuscular

 [noor″o-mus´ku-ler]
pertaining to the nerves and muscles.

neu·ro·mus·cu·lar

(nū'rō-mŭs'kyū-lăr),
Referring to the relationship between nerve and muscle, in particular to the motor innervation of skeletal muscles and its pathology (for example, neuromuscular disorders).
See also: myoneural.

neuromuscular

/neu·ro·mus·cu·lar/ (-mus´ku-ler) pertaining to nerves and muscles, or to the relationship between them.

neuromuscular

(no͝or′ō-mŭs′kyə-lər, nyo͝or′-)
adj.
1. Of, relating to, or affecting both nerves and muscles.
2. Having the characteristics of both nervous and muscular tissue.

neuromuscular

[noo͡r′ōmus′kyoo͡lər]
Etymology: Gk, neuron + L, musculus, muscle
pertaining to the nerves and the muscles.

paraneoplastic syndrome

Oncology A co-morbid condition due to the indirect–remote or 'biologic' effects of malignancy, which may be the first sign of a neoplasm or its recurrence; PSs occur in > 15% of CAs, are caused by hormones, growth factors, biological response modifiers, and other as-yet unidentified factors, and may regress with treatment of the primary tumor. See Ectopic hormone.
Paraneoplastic syndromes
GI tract, eg anorexia, vomiting, protein-losing enteropathy, liver disease
Hematologic, eg leukemoid reaction, reactive eosinophilia, peripheral 'cytoses or 'cytopenias, hemolysis, DIC, thromboembolism, thrombophlebitis migrans
Hormonal effects
Metabolic disease, eg lactic acidosis, hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy, hyperamylasemia, hyperlipidemia
Neuromuscular, eg peripheral neuropathy, myopathy, CNS, spinal cord degeneration, inflammation
Renal, eg nephrotic syndrome, uric acid nephropathy
Skin, eg bullous mucocutaneous lesions, acquired ichthyosis, acanthosis nigricans, dermatomyositis
Others, eg callus formation, hypertension, and amyloidosis

neu·ro·mus·cu·lar

(nūr'ō-mŭs'kyū-lăr)
Referring to the relationship between nerves and muscles, in particular to the motor innervation of skeletal muscles and its pathology (e.g., neuromuscular disorders).
See also: myoneural

Neuromuscular

Relating to nerve and muscle or their interaction.

neuromuscular (nerˈ·ō·musˑ·ky·ler),

adj term describing the feedback loop of interactions between the nervous system and muscular system.

neu·ro·mus·cu·lar

(nūr'ō-mŭs'kyū-lăr)
Referring to relationship between nerve and muscle.

neuromuscular

pertaining to nerve terminations in muscles.

neuromuscular blockade
deliberate paralysis of the motor end-plates; important in veterinary surgery for immobilization. It is effected by the use of competitive (non-depolarizing) agents such as d-tubocurarine, and depolarizing agents such as succinylcholine.
neuromuscular blocking agents
drugs capable of producing neuromuscular blockade (above).
neuromuscular junction
the point of junction of a nerve fiber with the muscle that it innervates. It includes an area of folded sarcolemma of the muscle fiber, and an axon terminal located in the folds and containing vesicles of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Called also myoneural junction.
neuromuscular junction disease
examples are tick paralysis, botulism, myasthenia gravis.
neuromuscular paralysis
paralysis caused by malfunction at the neuromuscular junction, e.g. after administration of a neuromuscular blocking agent. The paralysis may be flaccid or spastic.
phase-II neuromuscular block
alteration of the end-plate threshold to depolarization by acetylcholine following prolonged use of a depolarization agent such as succinylcholine.
neuromuscular spindle
consists of muscle fiber, afferent and efferent nerve endings and connective tissue; maintains muscle tone via stretch reflex mediated through two neurons at spinal cord level.
neuromuscular transmission
release of acetylcholine from the nerve ending and activation of the receptors in the muscle end-plate.
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