neurologic examination


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neurologic examination,

a systematic examination of the nervous system, including an assessment of mental status, of the function of each of the cranial nerves, of sensory and neuromuscular function, of the reflexes, and of proprioception and other cerebellar functions.

neurologic examination

A battery of clinical tests that evaluates a person's physiologic function and mental status, as well as the presence of any structural–organic lesions that may cause changes in neurologic function. Cf Psychiatric examination.
Neurologic Examination-data obtained
History of the Pt's chief complaint
Mental status Coherency, memory, judgement, comprehension, and other cognitive processes
Cranial nerves
1. Olfactory–1st cranial nerve Ability to identify common odors
.
2. Optic nerve–2nd cranial nerve Visual acuity, visual fields, pupil size and response to light, optic examination
.
3. Ocular muscles–3rd, 4th, 6th cranial nerves
.
4. Trigeminal nerve–5tth cranial nerve
.
5. Facial nerve–7th cranial nerve
.
6. Auditory nerve–Rinne & Weber tests, 8th cranial nerve
.
7. Glossopharyngeal–9th cranial nerve, vagal nerve–10th cranial nerve
.
8. Accessory nerve–11th cranial nerve
.
9. Hypoglossal nerve–12th cranial nerve
Motor function
Upper extremities: Finger-to-nose test, extension-flexion of elbow, power of grip, reflexes–eg biceps, brachioradialis, sensation–eg vibration, pain
Lower extremities: Heel-to-knee test, extension-flexion of knee, reflexes–eg patellar, plantar, sensation–eg vibration, pain  
.
References in periodicals archive ?
Neurologic examinations on day 7 after the surgical procedure revealed neurologic abnormalities in 9 infants (brain-damage group: hypertonia/hypotonia syndrome, 6 patients; hemisyndrome, 3 patients) whose stays in the NICU were significantly longer (P <0.
Jesica underwent a second neurologic examination that confirmed that she met the criteria for the declaration of brain death.
These harmless, neurophysiologic studies are valuable because they often provide evidence of plaques along the visual, auditory, or sensory pathways that are not apparent on neurologic examination.
This enabled the physicians to conduct a thorough evaluation including a neurologic examination, laboratory tests, and imaging of the brain.
Four months after the last infusion of IVIG, the patient reported mild 4-limb fatigability after exercise, but results of objective neurologic examination were normal.
Neurologic examination revealed bilateral hind limb paresis with upper motor neuron signs present in both legs and the vent.
Doing a neurologic examination is an organic process, and so while these tools are good places to start and provide a framework for evaluation, they should never be thought of as being a complete evaluation," he said.
Unless you suspect a true organic etiology, such as an abnormal neurologic examination, avoid ordering routine imaging studies for a child with anxiety prior to referral.
The neurologic examination was also normal, with intact cranial nerves, 5/5 motor strength in all limbs, normoactive symmetric muscle stretch reflexes, normal sensory and coordination testing.
Explanations of the awake state are provided in contrast to the comatose patient, and components of the neurologic examination for the patient in a prolonged, locked-in, persistent vegetative or minimally conscious state are included.
Pocket guide & toolkit to Dejong's neurologic examination.