neurodevelopmental treatment


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Related to neurodevelopmental treatment: Bobath technique

treatment

 [trēt´ment]
1. the management and care of a patient; see also care.
2. the combating of a disease or disorder; called also therapy.
Schematic of the treatment planning process using occupational therapy as an example. From Pedretti and Early, 2001.
active treatment treatment directed immediately to the cure of the disease or injury.
causal treatment treatment directed against the cause of a disease.
conservative treatment treatment designed to avoid radical medical therapeutic measures or operative procedures.
empiric treatment treatment by means that experience has proved to be beneficial.
expectant treatment treatment directed toward relief of untoward symptoms, leaving the cure of the disease to natural forces.
extraordinary treatment a type of treatment that is usually highly invasive and might be considered burdensome to the patient; the effort to decide what is extraordinary raises numerous ethical questions.
fever treatment in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as management of a patient with hyperpyrexia caused by nonenvironmental factors. See also fever.
heat exposure treatment in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as management of a patient overcome by heat due to excessive environmental heat exposure. See also heat stroke.
hypothermia treatment in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as rewarming and surveillance of a patient whose core body temperature is below 35°C. See also hypothermia.
Kenny treatment a treatment formerly used for poliomyelitis, consisting of wrapping of the back and limbs in hot cloths, followed, after pain has subsided, by passive exercise and instruction of the patient in exercise of the muscles. It was named for Sister Elizabeth Kenny, an Australian nurse known for her care of polio patients during the first half of the 20th century.
neurodevelopmental treatment Bobath method.
palliative treatment supportive care.
preventive treatment prophylaxis.
t's and procedures in the omaha system, a term used at the first level of the intervention scheme defined as technical nursing activities directed toward preventing signs and symptoms, identifying risk factors and early signs and symptoms, and decreasing or alleviating signs and symptoms.
treatment and/or procedure a nursing intervention in the nursing minimum data set; action prescribed to cure, relieve, control, or prevent a client problem.
prophylactic treatment prophylaxis.
rape-trauma treatment in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the provision of emotional and physical support immediately following a reported rape.
rational treatment that based upon knowledge of disease and the action of the remedies given.
refusal of treatment see under refusal.
root canal treatment root canal therapy.
specific treatment treatment particularly adapted to the special disease being treated.
substance use treatment in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as supportive care of patient/family members with physical and psychosocial problems associated with the use of alcohol or drugs. See also substance abuse.
substance use treatment: alcohol withdrawal in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the care of the patient experiencing sudden cessation of alcohol consumption. See also alcoholism.
substance use treatment: drug withdrawal in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the care of a patient experiencing drug detoxification. See also substance abuse.
substance use treatment: overdose in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as monitoring, treatment, and emotional support of a patient who has ingested prescription or over-the-counter drugs beyond the therapeutic range. See also overdose.
supporting treatment (supportive treatment) supportive care.

neurodevelopmental treatment

a neurophysiological rehabilitation approach based on a hierarchical nervous system. The principles focus on the inhibition of abnormal tone by using reflex inhibiting patterns, the promotion of basic movement patterns that occur in an automatic fashion, and other protective treatment. Also called Bobath method.

neu·ro·de·vel·op·men·tal treat·ment

(NDT) (nūr'ō-dĕ-vel-ŏp-men'tăl trēt'mĕnt)
A therapeutic intervention in occupational, speech, and physical therapy that employs methods to inhibit the effects of spasticity and promote normal movement in patients with neurologic impairments. The focus is on normal movement development.
See also: Bobath method

neurodevelopmental treatment

(nūr″ō-dē-vĕl″ŏp-mĕn′tăl),

NDT

A rehabilitation treatment approach for cerebral palsy, hemiplegia, and other central nervous system deficits that emphasizes the use of carefully considered handling to inhibit abnormal reflexes and movement patterns and facilitate higher level reactions and patterns in order to attain normal movement. This method was first promoted by Karel and Bertha Bobath (German physiotherapists).
References in periodicals archive ?
Neurodevelopmental treatment approach; theoretical foundations and principles of clinical practise.
Abbreviations: CIMT = constraint induced movement therapy, KUMC = University of Kansas Medical Center, NDT = neurodevelopmental treatment, PNF = proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation.
Neurodevelopmental treatment (NDT), a rehabilitation approach widely used in the care of patients with stroke, aims to restore a maximal degree of bilateral function and to change abnormal patterns of movement so that normal patterns can be introduced (Bobath, 1990).