punctum

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Related to neume: solmization, Mensural notation

punctum

 [pungk´tum] (L.)
a point or small spot.
punctum cae´cum blind spot.
punctum lacrima´le (pl. punc´ta lacrima´lia), an opening of a lacrimal duct on the edge of the eyelid.
punctum prox´imum near point.
punctum remo´tum far point.
punc´ta vasculo´sa minute red spots that mark the cut surface of white matter of the brain.

punc·tum

, gen.

punc·ti

, pl.

punc·ta

(pŭngk'tŭm, -tī, -tă), [TA]
1. The tip or end of a sharp process.
2. A minute round spot differing in color or otherwise in appearance from the surrounding tissues.
3. A point on the optic axis of an optic system.
Synonym(s): point (1)

See also: point, tip, end, center.
[L. a prick, point, pp. ntr. of pungo, to prick, used as noun]

punctum

/punc·tum/ (pungk´tum) pl. punc´ta   [L.] a point or small spot.
punctum cae´cum  blind spot.
punctum lacrima´le  lacrimal point.
punctum prox´imum  near point.
punctum remo´tum  far point.

punctum

[pungk′təm]
a physiological area or point.

punc·tum

, pl. puncta (pŭngk'tŭm, -tă) [TA]
1. The tip of a sharp process.
2. A minute round spot differing in color or otherwise in appearance from the surrounding tissues.
3. The opening into the lacrimal drainage system in the upper and lower eyelids.
Synonym(s): point (1) .
[L. a prick, point, pp. ntr. of pungo, to prick, used as noun]

Punctum

Tiny opening at the inner corners of the upper and lower lids. The area for the beginning of tear drainage.
Mentioned in: Dacryocystitis

punc·tum

, pl. puncta (pŭngk'tŭm, -tă) [TA]
1. Tip or end of a sharp process.
2. Minute round spot differing in color or otherwise in appearance from the surrounding tissues.
Synonym(s): point (1) .
[L. a prick, point, pp. ntr. of pungo, to prick, used as noun]

punctum

pl. puncta [L.] a point or small spot.

imperforate punctum
congenital absence of an opening in the lacrimal punctum, usually the lower, occurs most often in toy and miniature poodles. Commonly absent also in pigs.
misplaced punctum
variations in the position of the lacrimal puncta, seen most commonly in brachycephalic dogs, may interfere with tear drainage.
punctum nasolacrimal
see lacrimal punctum.
obstructed punctum
may result from foreign bodies, inflammation, or swelling of the lower eyelid.
References in periodicals archive ?
The research of Floros has provoked new studies, initiated new ideas, and fascinated various specialists in medieval music to continue his work, which confirms that the fundamentals in the study of neumes have been well established by him.
Yet the carefully drawn neumes and the presence of a proper Office for Thomas Becket points to Esztergom, which had a distinctive notation from the twelfth century onwards (see page 43 of the commentary for a description of these characteristic features), and comparison of this manuscript's liturgical content with other relevant sources from Esztergom definitively establish the breviary's origin (it is among the indexed sources in Dobszay's Corpus antiphonalium officii).
Nelson attempts to do this by ferreting out from the Zamoran sources additional examples of specific neumes being used to transmit clear mode-functional information in ways peculiar to individual manuscripts.
In a valuable contribution to the debate on the origin of neumes, Charles Atkinson argues for a revision of the "accent theory.
e] siecle) graduel beneventain [Tournai, 1931-36]), was accompanied by a massive commentary; the staffless neumes in PM 14 were supplemented by a twelfth-century gradual on lined staff in PM 15 (Le Codex VI.
The hymnody is presented in its original setting with neumes above the texts.