nerve entrapment


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nerve entrapment

an abnormal condition and type of mononeuropathy characterized by nerve damage and muscle weakness or atrophy. The peripheral nerve trunks of the body are especially vulnerable to entrapment in which repeated compression results in significant impairment. Nerves that pass over rigid prominences or through narrow bony and fascial canals are particularly prone to entrapment. The common signs of this disorder are pain and muscular weakness. Nerve damage by entrapment occurs more often when adjacent joints are affected by swelling and inflammation, such as in rheumatoid arthritis, pregnancy, and acromegaly. Signs of nerve entrapment also may develop after repeated bruising of certain nerves by various activities involving repeated motions, such as those associated with knitting and prolonged walking. One of the most common types of entrapment is carpal tunnel syndrome. Compare nerve compression.
References in periodicals archive ?
The persistence of normal conduction studies in the bilateral ulnar nerves and the lower extremity motor and sensory nerves, as well as the posterior tibial F-responses throughout the patient's illness, argues against a generalized polyneuropathy (such as acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy) and further emphasizes the fact that the patient had focal, progressive, median nerve entrapment in the carpal tunnels.
Surgery is also an option in rare cases of pudendal nerve entrapment.
Such a response may provide suspicion of a suprascapular nerve entrapment at either if these sites.
Diagnosable disorders encompassed by RSI include ulnar nerve entrapment, (tenderness around the elbow), carpal tunnel syndrome, thoracic outlet syndrome (compression of nerves and vessels between the neck and shoulders causing pain in wrists, hands and fingers, migraines, lower back pain, tennis elbow and tendonitis).
These include a stress fracture of the calcaneus, inflamed bursitis of the heel, nerve entrapment syndrome, or partial or complete tear of the plantar fascia, among other possibilities.
The response in California has been a push to adopt the nation's first ergonomics standards aimed at preventing muscle sprains, tendon damage and nerve entrapment.
It can also encourage the growth of bunions, swelling and nerve entrapment.
Medial elbow pain coupled with parasthesias of the 4th and 5th digits is characteristic of cubital tunnel syndrome or ulnar nerve entrapment.
11) as the second most leading occupational upper-limb nerve entrapment after carpal tunnel syndrome.
These include neuromuscular disorders; nerve entrapment syndromes; the diabetic foot; hellux valgus, hallix varus, and sesamoid disorders; lesser toe deformities and bunionettes; tendon disorders; heal and subcalcaneal pain; degenerative joint disease; acute ankle sprain, chronic ankle instability, and subtalar laxity; and trauma.
When dealing with the lower body, it often deals with low back pain, shin splints, knee injuries, piriformis syndrome, illotibial syndrome, plantar fasciitis, and other nerve entrapment related pain,” David stresses.
Possible causes include hematoma, positioning, retention, and nerve entrapment.