nerve entrapment


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nerve entrapment

an abnormal condition and type of mononeuropathy characterized by nerve damage and muscle weakness or atrophy. The peripheral nerve trunks of the body are especially vulnerable to entrapment in which repeated compression results in significant impairment. Nerves that pass over rigid prominences or through narrow bony and fascial canals are particularly prone to entrapment. The common signs of this disorder are pain and muscular weakness. Nerve damage by entrapment occurs more often when adjacent joints are affected by swelling and inflammation, such as in rheumatoid arthritis, pregnancy, and acromegaly. Signs of nerve entrapment also may develop after repeated bruising of certain nerves by various activities involving repeated motions, such as those associated with knitting and prolonged walking. One of the most common types of entrapment is carpal tunnel syndrome. Compare nerve compression.
References in periodicals archive ?
Clinical manifestations of nerve entrapment secondary to space-occupying masses can be similar to other conventional nerve compression syndromes.
g post herpetic neuralgia (PHN), trigeminal neuralgia, post diabetic neuralgia (PDN), post traumatic neuralgia (PTN), scar pain, nerve entrapment syndromes, complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS I, II), stump pain, etc.
This finding should be kept in mind by the surgeons while doing surgery for nerve entrapments because the even musculocutaneous nerve can gets compressed at many places.
Radial nerve entrapment at the elbow can be subdivided into two major categories: radial tunnel syndrome and posterior interosseous nerve syndrome (PINS).
Impotence and nerve entrapment in long distance amateur cyclists.
Conclusion: The role of STSL in causing suprascapular nerve entrapment is a known fact and proper understanding of the topographical anatomy may be helpful for clinicians and surgeons in routine pra-ctice.
Several cases of median nerve entrapment have been attributed to the presence of ligament of Struthers.
This edition has new illustrations and new chapters on sudden unilateral neuralgiform conjunctival injection tearing headache, primary thunderclap headache, hypnic headache, nummular headache, atypical odontalgia, burning mouth syndrome, nervus intermedius neuralgia, red ear syndrome, clival chordoma syndrome, glomus tumor of the shoulder, osteonecrosis of the elbow joint, driver's elbow, boxer's knuckle, trigger wrist, superior cluneal nerve entrapment syndrome, clitoral priapism, breaststroker's knee, glomus tumor of the knee, and fabella syndrome.
This must be effected in timely way in case of hematomas, after careful clinical, EMG and MRI evaluation in case of suspect nerve entrapment, following attentively the neuromotor evolution in case of nerve tension.
Anatomy of pudendal nerve at urogenital diaphragm--new critical site for nerve entrapment.