nerve deafness


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

nerve deaf·ness

, neural deafness
former terms for sensorineural hearing loss.

nerve deafness

nerve deafness

Hearing loss resulting from damage to the transducers in the inner ear (Organ of Corti) or to the acoustic nerve connections to the brain, rather than from mechanical interference with the transmission of sound vibrations to the inner ear (conductive deafness).

deafness

lack or loss, complete or partial, of the sense of hearing.

conductive deafness
sound vibrations are interrupted in the outer or middle ear and do not reach the inner ear and its nerve endings.
congenital deafness
infrequent in dogs and cats, not recorded in other species. In most cases is due to cochlear duct degeneration. See also inherited deafness (below).
cortical deafness
that due to disease of the cortical centers of the cerebrum.
inherited deafness
occurs in some blue-eyed white cats and in some dog breeds; particularly common in the Dalmatian. In some cases it is associated with coat coloration, e.g. white Bull terriers, merle collies and Old English sheepdogs.
nerve deafness
due to degeneration of the acoustic sensory organ. Most common in dogs at an early age and associated with incomplete pigmentation of the haircoat and the uvea, in animals with a white or merle coat color. Occurs also in mink, cats and mice.
sensorineural deafness
due to damage of the inner ear nerve endings, the cochlear portion of the eighth cranial nerve, the vestibulocochlear nerve, or the cortical hearing center. See also nerve deafness (above).
toxic deafness
overdosing with aminoglycoside antibiotics causes deafness.
transmission deafness
conductive hearing loss.
References in periodicals archive ?
Simon said: "With Dickie we gave him a full audiometric test and found he had nerve deafness and we focused on an instrument that targeted the damaged area of the ear.
Created and patented by Advanced Bionics Corporation, the CLARION CII Bionic Ear System is an auditory prosthesis that is FDA approved for the treatment of severe-to-profound nerve deafness when programmed to function like a conventional Cochlear Implant.
Adults with severe-to-profound bilateral nerve deafness may participate in the clinical trial.
NERVE DEAFNESS In nerve deafness the outer and middle ears work well but the hearing organ in the inner ear is faulty, possibly due to prolonged exposure to loud noise, Meniere's disease and to some viral infections or perhaps drugs.
A cochlear implant is an electronic device designed to provide sound information for adults and children who have profound nerve deafness in both ears and who also show no ability to understand speech through hearing aids.
The promotional materials overstate the quality and value of the hearing aids with such claims as, "If you have nerve deafness, hearing again is no big thing.