nerve agents


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Related to nerve agents: mustard gas, blood agents

nerve agents

chemicals that interfere with the proper functioning of the nervous system. They are highly potent, and very small amounts can have serious effects. They include sarin, soman, tabun, and VX. Exposure is by inhalation or by skin or eye contact. Nerve agents can also be mixed with water and can be used to poison water supplies so that people can be exposed by drinking contaminated water or getting contaminated water on the skin. These agents act by inhibiting acetylcholinesterase, which allows the muscles to be stimulated constantly, and fatigue of the muscles used for breathing can cause death from respiratory failure. Treatment consists of removing the agent from the body and administration of an antidote (which must be done within minutes of exposure).
References in periodicals archive ?
Sources told Reuters that samples taken from the site by international watchdog Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) tested positive for chemical precursors required to make sarin and VX nerve agents.
Leading Aircraftsman Ronald Maddison, 20, died in 1953 shortly after being used in tests on the deadly nerve agent sarin.
They could also have - thelped manufacture VX - the most toxic nerve agent so far produced, the Foreign Secretary told MPs.
It functions as a natural bioscavenger to absorb toxins such as organophosphorous compounds, including nerve agents and certain pesticides, before they cause irreversible neurological damage.
After being asked for clarification on what V-type nerve agents are, the MoD confirmed "in their most potent form they can become VX gas".
and Russian officials have said the vast majority of Syria's nerve agent stockpile consists of 'unweaponized' liquid precursors that could be neutralized relatively quickly.
Patel, completed a pilot study demonstrating that AEOL 10150 provides neuroprotection, decreases oxidative stress, and significantly improves survival in rats exposed to pilocarpine -- a surrogate for the nerve agents soman and sarin gas.
The ability to prophylactically coat surfaces that may be exposed to nerve agents increases the likelihood of survival of the individual who may be required to touch such surfaces.
Treating nerve agent victims requires quick action 6 one emergency management plan (http://jpp.
A US official told AFP thatSyriahad begun mixing chemicals that could be used to make sarin, a deadly nerve agent, while CNN reported Damascus could deploy the gas in a limited artillery attack on advancing rebels.
Earlier, it had destroyed rockets bearing GB, or sarin, considered the more dangerous of the two nerve agents.
These are real nerve agents," readiness technician Tech.