necropsy


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autopsy

 [aw´top-se]
examination of a body after death to determine the cause of death; it may be ordered by a coroner or medical examiner when the cause of death is unknown or the death has taken place under suspicious circumstances. Autopsies are also valuable sources of medical knowledge. Unless it is demanded by public authorities, an autopsy cannot be performed without permission of the next of kin of the deceased. Called also postmortem examination and necropsy.

au·top·sy

(aw'top-sē), Avoid the mispronunciation autop'sy.
1. An examination of the organs of a dead body to determine the cause of death or to study the pathologic changes present. Synonym(s): necropsy
2. In the terminology of the ancient Greek school of empirics, the intentional reproduction of an effect, event, or circumstance that occurred in the course of a disease, and observation of its influence in ameliorating or aggravating the patient's symptoms.
[G. autopsia, seeing with one's own eyes]

necropsy

/nec·rop·sy/ (nek´rop-se) examination of a body after death; autopsy.

necropsy

(nĕk′rŏp′sē)
n. pl. necrop·sies

nec′rop′sy v.

necropsy, necroscopy

See autopsy.

autopsy

A postmortem examination of a body, which helps determine cause of death and identify any diseases that had not been detected while the patient was alive, or which confirms the presence of conditions diagnosed before the patient died.

Autopsy types 
• Biopsy only—A minimalist postmortem examination in which the prosector examines the organs, but only samples small fragments (biopsies) for histologic examination. 
• Chest only—An autopsy in which only the lungs and heart are examined; findings in a chest only autopsy are used to ID an occluding thrombus in the coronary arteries, massive patientE, or evaluate a person for compensation under the Black Lung Compensation act of 1969.
• Complete—An autopsy in which the thoracic, abdominal and cranial cavities are examined. 
• Head only—An autopsy in which the pathology of interest is presumed to reside entirely in the cranial cavity. 
• No head—An autopsy examining the chest and abdominal cavity without cranial cavity.

Infections (potentially fatal) that may pass to prosectors
Blastomycosis, coccidioidomycosis, diphtheria, erysipeloid, HBV (30% of seroconversion with infected blood exposure), HCV (up to 10% risk), HIV (0.3% risk), lymphocytic choriomeningitis, rabies, streptococci, TB (exposures as brief as 10 minutes have resulted in transmission; 10% of Finnish pathologists in active PM practice have occupational TB; autopsy-transmitted outbreaks of TB have occurred in NY, LA, Chicago and Arkansas), tularaemia, viral haemorrhagic fevers (Marburg, Ebola, Lassa), yellow fever. Two cases of possible transmission of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease to histology technicians (not autopsy prosectors) have been reported.

necropsy

Postmortem examination. See Autopsy.

au·top·sy

(aw'top-sē)
An examination of a corpse and the organs of a dead body to determine the cause of death or to study the pathologic changes present. (Colloquially called postmortem or post.)
Synonym(s): necropsy.
[G. autopsia, seeing with one's own eyes]

necropsy

An autopsy, or postmortem examination, of a body.

necropsy

examination of a body after death. See also autopsy.
References in periodicals archive ?
The result of spontaneous closure can easily be missed at necropsy if the entire ventricular septum is not carefully examined.
Branches of the CAHFS laboratory in Davis, Turlock, Tulare and San Bernardino conduct the necropsy service, which is available to owners of fewer than 1,000 birds (chickens, turkeys, game birds and waterfowl).
A necropsy of that animal revealed that the whale was severely underweight for its size.
I reviewed data collected from moose hunter check stations in 1977-1984 and necropsy reports of non-harvested animals examined in 1983-1992 to estimate past prevalence of F.
Her bones now lie in two cardboard boxes, one containing her skull and another the many ribs and vertebrae recovered after her death and necropsy (animal autopsy).
A LIVELY DAY IN THE WHOI NECROPSY LAB--Researchers examine the body of a common dolphin that died the day before in Harwich, Mass.
At our school, video recordings of each lecture that students may miss while attending a necropsy are available online.
A range of tissue specimens (liver, spleen, kidney, meninges, brain, spinal cord, and multiple lymph nodes), collected at necropsy, were positive by PCR and immunohistochemical testing.
Necropsy was carried out at the tertiary hospital to establish a diagnosis.
there will be a public necropsy of a loggerhead sea turtle.
VENTURA -- Preliminary results of a necropsy done on a blue whale carcass that was found floating off the Southern California coast revealed that a ship killed the mammal.
Walter Cottrell, Game Commission wildlife veterinarian headquartered at Penn State University, who will conduct a full necropsy of the animal.