necropsy

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Related to necropsies: autopsist, autopsied

autopsy

 [aw´top-se]
examination of a body after death to determine the cause of death; it may be ordered by a coroner or medical examiner when the cause of death is unknown or the death has taken place under suspicious circumstances. Autopsies are also valuable sources of medical knowledge. Unless it is demanded by public authorities, an autopsy cannot be performed without permission of the next of kin of the deceased. Called also postmortem examination and necropsy.

au·top·sy

(aw'top-sē), Avoid the mispronunciation autop'sy.
1. An examination of the organs of a dead body to determine the cause of death or to study the pathologic changes present. Synonym(s): necropsy
2. In the terminology of the ancient Greek school of empirics, the intentional reproduction of an effect, event, or circumstance that occurred in the course of a disease, and observation of its influence in ameliorating or aggravating the patient's symptoms.
[G. autopsia, seeing with one's own eyes]

necropsy

/nec·rop·sy/ (nek´rop-se) examination of a body after death; autopsy.

necropsy

(nĕk′rŏp′sē)
n. pl. necrop·sies

nec′rop′sy v.

necropsy, necroscopy

See autopsy.

autopsy

A postmortem examination of a body, which helps determine cause of death and identify any diseases that had not been detected while the patient was alive, or which confirms the presence of conditions diagnosed before the patient died.

Autopsy types 
• Biopsy only—A minimalist postmortem examination in which the prosector examines the organs, but only samples small fragments (biopsies) for histologic examination. 
• Chest only—An autopsy in which only the lungs and heart are examined; findings in a chest only autopsy are used to ID an occluding thrombus in the coronary arteries, massive patientE, or evaluate a person for compensation under the Black Lung Compensation act of 1969.
• Complete—An autopsy in which the thoracic, abdominal and cranial cavities are examined. 
• Head only—An autopsy in which the pathology of interest is presumed to reside entirely in the cranial cavity. 
• No head—An autopsy examining the chest and abdominal cavity without cranial cavity.

Infections (potentially fatal) that may pass to prosectors
Blastomycosis, coccidioidomycosis, diphtheria, erysipeloid, HBV (30% of seroconversion with infected blood exposure), HCV (up to 10% risk), HIV (0.3% risk), lymphocytic choriomeningitis, rabies, streptococci, TB (exposures as brief as 10 minutes have resulted in transmission; 10% of Finnish pathologists in active PM practice have occupational TB; autopsy-transmitted outbreaks of TB have occurred in NY, LA, Chicago and Arkansas), tularaemia, viral haemorrhagic fevers (Marburg, Ebola, Lassa), yellow fever. Two cases of possible transmission of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease to histology technicians (not autopsy prosectors) have been reported.

necropsy

Postmortem examination. See Autopsy.

au·top·sy

(aw'top-sē)
An examination of a corpse and the organs of a dead body to determine the cause of death or to study the pathologic changes present. (Colloquially called postmortem or post.)
Synonym(s): necropsy.
[G. autopsia, seeing with one's own eyes]

necropsy

An autopsy, or postmortem examination, of a body.

necropsy

examination of a body after death. See also autopsy.
References in periodicals archive ?
We would like to thank the NDGF wardens and field staff for their assistance in handling and transporting moose and other wildlife to the VDL in Fargo for necropsies.
necropsies (%) 14/42 (33) 15/28 (53) 13/31 (41) Frequency of concurrent Weil syndrome and pulmonary hemorrhage, no.
Although all necropsies were performed on mature, gravid females, the authors feel that the results are still a good representation of the health of the entire terrapin population.
Necropsies on two gray squirrels collected in Northridge confirmed West Nile virus and officials hope to test a dead fox squirrel picked up at Balboa Park.
Necropsies were performed systematically on 30 frogs, but no gross abnormalities of the viscera were found.
GLENDALE - Two goats that grazed on brush on local hillsides as part of a fire prevention program have been discovered dead, and necropsies are being conducted to determine why, officials said Monday.
This report emphasizes the importance of adhering to strict infection control measures during large animal necropsies and medical procedures, even when TB is not suspected, because of potentially large bacillary loads.
Resources for bird necropsies and laboratory testing are also required.
But Bernstein, who showed a videotape of separate necropsies, said she is convinced that a human was responsible because of the precision with which the dog's pelt was removed and the fact it hadn't been eaten.
Animal Services officials released a new set of reports on necropsies - similar to autopsies conducted on humans - as they again asserted that Pal had been killed by a coyote.
However, the SPCA and other groups have produced four other necropsies that say a human most likely skinned Pal using a sharp knife.