neck dissection


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neck dissection

surgical removal of the cervical lymph nodes, performed to prevent the spread of malignant tumors of the head and neck. With the patient under general anesthesia, the cervical chain of lymph nodes with their lymphatic channels is removed in one mass to prevent the spread of cancer cells. After surgery the patient is observed closely for signs of hemorrhage and difficulty in breathing. Compare radical neck dissection.

neck dissection

The excision of lymph nodes and other neck tissues likely to be involved by cancer, usually a squamous cell carcinoma arising in the oral cavity.

neck dissection

 Surgery The excision of lymph nodes and other tissues grossly (|a|) (macroscopically) involved by CA in the neck for the staging of cancer. See Commando operation, Radical neck dissection.
References in periodicals archive ?
He had undergone partial parotidectomy, modified radical neck dissection, and radiotherapy 10 years previously
Mr Quine explained that the operation Bryn required was a wide excision of his tonsil using a laser and a neck dissection to remove the glands in his neck.
Surgeons from North America, Europe, Asia, and Israel provide 25 chapters that cover etiology and epidemiology, including the role of HIV infections and human papillomavirus in head and neck tumors; biochemoprevention, immunology and immunotherapy, imaging, staging, pathology, radiation therapy, chemotherapy and targeted treatment, photodynamic therapy, evaluation and treatment planning, salvage surgery, lymphoscintigraphy and sentinel node biopsy, indications and modifications of neck dissection, pain and symptom management, physical and occupational therapy, nutrition support, voice rehabilitation, and quality of life; cutaneous malignancies; and tumors in children.
After a detailed workup, including abdomen, pelvis and chest CT scan which were negative for metastatic disease, the patient underwent total tyroidectomy and bilateral neck dissection in November 2009.
Radical neck dissection surgery left Rhiannon with a 12-inch scar from her ear to her collar bone to her chin.
After a nine-hour neck dissection, to remove half of her neck, lymph nodes and parts of the cancer, Gwen found herself having to learn how to talk and eat all over again.
The search for neoplastic bleeding source can be challenging (Figure 9), and surgical exploration can be difficult in patients with prior neck dissection or radiation therapy.
I report a novel use of titrated, intraoperative, low-dose sugammadex to allow temporary surgical nerve stimulation during a neck dissection followed by an apparently normal response to a standard dose of rocuronium.
I had a selective neck dissection operation last December and I was warned it might end up being a radical neck dissection, depending on what they found when I was on the operating table.
In addition, particularly in cases where a neck dissection is performed to access involved lymph nodes, nerve weakness (shoulder) or nerve damage (tingling, hypersensitivity) occurs.
The study evaluated 58 patients who were suffering from chronic pain or dysfunction as a result of neck dissection.
The skin was sutured to the tracheotomy incision to prevent spillage of tracheal secretions into the neck dissection wounds.