naturalistic observation


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naturalistic observation

A research method in which behaviour—e.g., of children in a day-care centre—is observed and recorded in a natural setting, without interference by a researcher.
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, utilizing within-subject design methodologies for naturalistic observation appears to offer greater advantages.
Given the time consuming and artificial nature of many of the preference assessments, recent investigations on the identification of potential reinforcers have moved into the natural setting using naturalistic observation techniques.
Naturalistic observation studies provide a better understanding of how behavior and environmental events occur in the natural environment.
Yet, the naturalistic observation of play behavior has historically been referenced as a method by which to make judgments about cognitive development, i.
Evolution grew out of the kind of peaceful, naturalistic observation that we associate with reverence and appreciation.
On the other side, we have methods of naturalistic observation, as Bock (1996) calls them, which include a wide variety of approaches, ranging from experimental and semiexperimental studies, as in von Stutterheim and Nuse, to more corpus-based analyses, while the work of Glatz and Klabunde, and Hartl follow a combination of both approaches.
The former eschewed experimentation in favor of naturalistic observation and correlational methodolo gies; the latter did experiments, consistent with the tendency to associate "hard (preferred) science" with experimentation.
This study demonstrates the value of combining naturalistic observation with controlled experimentation and randomization.
An applied behavior analysis perspective on naturalistic observation and adjustment to new settings.
One important contribution of this research is the use of naturalistic observation in regular classrooms, resource rooms, special classes, and special schools.
By applying naturalistic observation in different contexts to understand what people actually do - as opposed to only what they say they do - ethnography makes the unknown known, makes the tacit explicit, and reveals insights that would not otherwise be revealed.
Reactive effects during naturalistic observation of families.