Campbell's inclusive treatment of naturalism
is a welcome addition to contemporary studies in the field, including Mary E.
The roots of the religious naturalism
worldview can be traced back to the ancient classical world, and on through the renaissance and enlightenment eras, but notably Spinoza among the philosophers of the past is generally recognized as an important forerunner of religious naturalism
Huxley's efforts to publicize the advantages of embracing scientific and secular ideas, to advantage the cultural preeminence of men of science, to argue that there is but one kind of knowledge and but one method of acquiring it, and to present naturalism
as an alternative to Christianity rather than an attack upon it, won the day.
But beyond the obscure claims that the form of naturalism
that Emden attributes to Nietzsche "contends that cognition and normativity are always embedded in the material world" and that "facts are already normative in the sense that they make certain claims on us, that is, they shape the way we act, think, imagine and so on" (69), it is difficult to see quite what the content of his claim amounts to.
Nineteenth-century literary naturalism
, as propagated by Emile Zola, is steeped in Hippolyte Taine's tenets of historic moment, inheritance, and milieu/environment and definitively influenced by Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species (1859), Claude Bernard's Introduction to Experimental Medicine (1865), and August Comte's theories on positivism.
Careful work has been done by scholars such as Gregory Moore (Nietzsche, Biology, Metaphor) and John Richardson (Nietzsche's New Darwinism) on the importance, indeed centrality, of biological and evolutionary considerations in Nietzsche's work, especially his naturalism
but also his value-theory.
Lacking a demonstrable understanding of what naturalism
is, Dworkin's argument harkens back to the same old prejudice as Rev.
But the point which concerns me here is that existential responses to Darwinian naturalism
vary, quite considerably, and the related suggestion that the 'bleakness charge' ought to incorporate it.
92), since the ideas of ultimate reality underlying evolutionary naturalism
and panpsychism are incompatible.
In this paper I am going to present some of the basic ideas of Otto in the light of his work on naturalism
At best, as Taliaferro points out, the argument has force only against a strict and implausible form of naturalism
that claims that everything can ultimately be explained in terms of physics.
to demonstrate the increasing poverty of the dual dreams of naturalism
and mastery" (p.