Antimicrobial defensin peptides of the human nasal mucosa
In a study of patients with allergic rhinitis, submucosa had increased MCAF/MCP-1 and associated histamine release from basophils, suggesting that MCP-1 "is stored in human nasal mucosa
, possibly participates in protracted histamine release from basophils and in the pathogenesis of perennial allergic rhinitis.
We think that silicon tube is necessary in those DCR procedures in which the adjacent flaps of the lacrimal sac and nasal mucosa
are not sutured, as is the case with the technique we used in our study.
In the smear from the nasal mucosa
, the decrease in the concentration of inflammatory cells (immunocytes) has been observed after the intranasal administration of specific antigen .
Elevating (tenting) the nasal mucosa
with vitrectomy light, a vertical incision was made with phaco knife avoiding injury to nasal mucosa
to minimize the hemorrhage.
Examination of the oral and nasal cavities while the animal was anesthetized revealed mucous entering the oral cavity through the nasal choanae and hyperemic nasal mucosa
So far, the tools available to evaluate the nasal involvement and the immunologic status of the patient are the nasal mucosa
biopsy, the Mitsuda test, and the ML-flow test.
AVRS occurs via direct contact with the nasal mucosa
or conjunctiva, with symptom onset within approximately 24 hours.
The dissection around the uvulus, soft palate muscles, maxillary tuberosity, medial pterygoid to elevate levator veli palatini, sectioning of levator aponeurosis, osteotomy of GPA and more importantly elevation of nasal mucosa
was not done.
Nasal stents are routinely used after nasal surgery to keep raw surfaces apart, prevent contractions and closing of the nasal airway by granulations; since postoperative scar contractions and adhesions are inherent characteristics of the nasal mucosa
Transcanalicular DCR is a new procedure involving transcanalicular opening in the lacrimal sac and the nasal bone passing the nasal mucosa
into the nasal cavity using diode laser probe and then insertion of a tube which remains in situ for three months.
This suggests delivery of the agent via the gastrointestinal tract is less immunogenic than the nasal mucosa