naphthalene


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naphthalene

 [naf´thah-lēn]
a hydrocarbon from coal tar oil, used as a moth repellent, fungicide, and preservative; it is toxic by ingestion, inhalation, and ingestion.

naph·tha·lene

(naf'thă-lēn),
A carcinogenic and toxic hydrocarbon obtained from coal tar; used for many syntheses in industry and in some moth repellents; naphthalene can cause an attack of hemolytic anemia in people with a deficiency of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase.
Synonym(s): naphthalin, tar camphor

naphthalene

Toxicology A crystal formed from 2 benzene rings, used for mothballs and insecticide Toxicity Headache, N&V, hematuria; if severe or prolonged exposure, cataracts, convulsions, hepatocellular necrosis and marked hemolysis, especially in Pts with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency

naphthalene

a hydrocarbon from coal tar oil; used as an antiseptic.

chlorinated naphthalene
References in periodicals archive ?
Tissue was incubated in oxygenated Waymouth's medium deficient in sulfur amino acids (glutathione, cysteine, methionine) containing 250 [micro]M naphthalene or 250 [micro]M [.
Chapter Twelve Methyl Naphthalene New Project Investment Feasibility Analysis Chapter Thirteen Global and China Methyl Naphthalene Industry Research Conclusions Companies Mentioned:
8220;The Indian admixtures market is dominated by naphthalene based admixtures on account of their cost-effectiveness compared to PCE based admixtures as well as improved workability in comparison with lignosulphonates.
All data is analyzed by assuming transport from the naphthalene samples to the bulk space according to the model:
At the 15 targeted nephelometer locations, plus an additional 14 locations near the burns, trained local personnel placed passive samplers (which did not require a field operator or electricity) to measure particulate matter (RJ Lee Group, Monroeville, PA) and naphthalene (SKC Product Code: 575-003, Eighty Four, PA) for 24 to 120 hours and then sent the samplers to our laboratory for analysis.
KEY WORDS: biomarker, candidate-gene analysis, exposure assessment, genome-wide analysis, jet fuel, naphthalene, relative contribution, single-nucleotide polymorphism, skin keratin adduct.
The saturates and naphthalene aromatics have relatively low viscosities and softening points relative to the asphaltenes and the polar aromatics.
The PCT patent publication, WO2003083063, discloses naphthalene analogues as ligand mimics and bi-ligands for receptors such as kinases, dehydrogenases, oxidoreductases, GTPases, carboxyl transferases, decarboxylases, transferases, formyl transferases and [alpha]-ketodecarboxylases.
This mechanism is also involved in the initiation of leukemia by benzene, rat olfactory tumors by naphthalene, and neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease by dopamine.
The mixture of contaminants, including Benzene and Naphthalene, are well below levels which cause acute health effects.
These include 4-ethenyl cyclohexene, diethyl carbonate, dibutyl sulfide and 2,6-dimethyl naphthalene.
But the very ingredients that make mothballs so effective as household pesticides--namely naphthalene or paradichlorobenzene (PDB)--also make them dangerous to any person or animal who breathes the fumes or ingests them directly.