The main constituents are monoterpene hydrocarbons; mainly camphene, pinene, cymene and myristicin
Additionally, phenyl propanoids such as myristicin
, present in different Apiaceae (Hall, 1973), may contribute to neurological effects (Hallstrom and Thuvander, 1997).
Upon GC/MS analysis essential oil contained thirty compounds eluted on a DB-1-1022 column such as 1R-a-Pinene, b-Pinene, D-Limonene, b-Phellandrene, b-Terpinyl acetate, T-Terpinene, p-Cymene, Dehydro-p-cymene, cis-b-Terpineol, Trans-p-Metha-2,8-dienal, 4-Terpineol, Trans-dihydrocarvone, a-Terpineol, D-Carvone, Carvone, Cis-p-Menth-1-en-3-ol, 2,3-Epoxycarene, L-cis-Sabinol, p-Cymen-8-ol, cis-Carveol, Estragole, 2-Pinen-4-one, 2-Allyl-4-methyl phenol, O-tert-butyl Phenol, Thymol, Carvacrol, Elemicin, Myristicin
, Apiol, Methoxyeugenol and Limonene-6-ol, pivalate (Table 5).
Its main constituents are terpenes, geraniol, terpineol, volatile oil and myristicin
In mice, hepatic DNA breakup in liver TNF-a serum concentration was raised by LPS/D-GalN and myristicin
established to distinctly repress this effect.
Parsley boasts highly active volatile components such as myristicin
, apiol, eugenol, and more.
Parsley also contains the phytochemical myristicin
, which studies have shown to inhibit tumor formation, particularly in the lungs.
The most common components found in the Piper species studied are camphor, apiole, myristicin
, safrole, sarisan, dillapiole, linalool, nerolidol, [alpha] and [beta]-pinene, [alpha]-humulene, [beta]-caryophyllene, as well as propenyphenols.
The toxicity is caused by a chemical in the seeds, myristicin
, which has anticholinergic properties.
The main components were y-terpinene, myristicin
, thymol, p-cymene and carvacrol .
10) The aromatic oil of nutmeg contains myristicin
, a psychoactive substance that is chemically similar to hallucinogenic compounds such as mescaline.
Still other research found that myristicin
, a compound contained in nutmeg, inhibits a brain enzyme involved in the development of AD.