myringotomy


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myringotomy

 [mir″ing-got´ah-me]
incision of the tympanic membrane, usually performed to relieve pressure and allow drainage of serous or purulent fluid from the middle ear. Sometimes, as in the case of serous otitis media, a ventilating tube called a grommet is inserted to permit continuous ventilation and avoid a chronic middle ear problem with fluid accumulation, pain, and loss of hearing. When a simple myringotomy is done for purposes of draining purulent material resulting from recurrent suppurative otitis media, care should be taken to avoid contamination by the fluid. Eardrops may be prescribed if there is fluid in the ear. The ear should be kept dry for two weeks after the procedure, with no fluid entering the ear until the myringotomy site in the eardrum is healed.
Myringotomy and insertion of a tympanoplasty tube as treatment for otitis media. From Frazier et al., 2000.

myr·in·got·o·my

(mir'in-got'ŏ-mē),
Incision of the tympanic membrane.
Synonym(s): tympanotomy
[myringo- + G. tomē, excision]

myringotomy

/my·rin·got·o·my/ (mi-ring-got´ah-me) tympanotomy; creation of a hole in the tympanic membrane, as for tympanocentesis.
Enlarge picture
Myringotomy.

myringotomy

(mîr′ĭng-gŏt′ə-mē)
n.
Surgical puncture of the tympanic membrane, as for the removal of fluid or the drainage of pus.

myringotomy

[mir′ing·got′əmē]
Etymology: L, myringa + Gk, temnein, to cut
surgical incision of the eardrum, performed to relieve pressure and release pus or fluid from the middle ear. Antibiotics are given before surgery and continued afterward. The drum is incised, and cultures may be taken. Fluid is gently suctioned from the middle ear. Eardrops may be instilled, or tubes may be inserted to improve drainage. The nurse cautions against putting cotton in the canal because the ear must drain freely. The outer ear is kept clean and dry. If pain increases, the procedure may have to be repeated. Severe headache or disorientation must be reported. Earplugs are required for swimming and showers if tubes are used. Also called tympanostomy, tympanotomy. See also myringoplasty.
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Myringotomy with tympanostomy tube

myringotomy

ENT A circumferential incision in the inferior quadrants of the pars tensa of tympanic membrane for draining middle ear effusions, a procedure used in treating chronic otitis media; myringotomy with tympanostomy offers more disease-free time and improved hearing, at a 'cost' of otorrhea and persistent tympanic membrane perforation

my·rin·got·o·my

(mir'in-got'ŏ-mē)
Paracentesis of the tympanic membrane.
Synonym(s): tympanostomy, tympanotomy.
[myringo- + G. tomē, excision]

myringotomy

Surgical cutting (incision) of the eardrum. This may be done to allow discharge of pus from the middle ear or, more commonly, to insert a grommet in cases of ‘glue ear’ (secretory OTITIS MEDIA) to drain the middle ear and relieve deafness.

Myringotomy

A surgical procedure performed to drain an infected middle ear. A newer type of myringotomy uses a laser instead of a scalpel.

myringotomy

tympanotomy; incision of the tympanic membrane.
The procedure is usually performed to relieve pressure and allow for drainage or irrigation of the middle ear behind the tympanic membrane.
References in periodicals archive ?
Statistical Analysis: The data was recorded on a proforma and the descriptive statistics were analyzed using SPSS 16 for Windows to determine frequencies for variables like gender, age, duration of symptoms, types of tympanograms and myringotomy findings.
Consistent with the literature, my Masters project showed that Fentanyl, in addition to other contributing factors, increased the incidence of PONV in children undergoing myringotomy.
The investigators performed what they described as the first independent study to analyze the overall management of pediatric ears that have both myringotomy tubes and cochlear implants (CIs), during the entire course of implant candidacy, placement, and follow-up.
The effect of intranasal fentanyl on the emergence characteristics after sevoflurane anesthesia in children undergoing surgery for bilateral myringotomy tube placement.
for myringotomy, adenoidectomy, cochlear implant-related acute and long-term costs, special education, and rehabilitation).
Recently, a large, pulsed gas laser has been used for myringotomy, but the loud "pop" of the laser frightens children.
The mean lengths of stay for splenectomy, myringotomy with tube insertion, and allergic reactions were ~80% longer for adults than for children.
In rare cases, a child may need to have a myringotomy more than once.
Acute otitis media (AOM) was diagnosed according to predefined clinical criteria and confirmed by culture of middle ear fluid obtained by myringotomy with identification of specific bacterial serotypes.
But now a relatively new procedure, laser myringotomy, offers an alternative treatment.