myringoplasty


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myringoplasty

 [mĭ-ring´go-plas″te]
surgical reconstruction of the tympanic membrane.

my·rin·go·plas·ty

(mi-ring'gō-plas'tē),
Operative repair of a damaged tympanic membrane.
[myringo- + G. plassō, to form]

myringoplasty

(mə-rĭng′gə-plăs′tē)
n.
Surgical repair of a damaged tympanic membrane.

myringoplasty

[miring′gōplas′tē]
Etymology: L, myringa + Gk, plassein, to mold
surgical repair of perforations of the eardrum with a tissue graft, performed to correct hearing loss. The openings in the eardrum are enlarged, and the grafting material is sutured over them. Topical antibiotics are applied, then a packing of absorbable gelatin sponge to hold the graft in position. After surgery an antihistamine with an ephedrine derivative is given. The nurse keeps the outer ear clean and dry. Debris is removed by gentle suctioning about 12 days after surgery. See also myringotomy, tympanoplasty.

myringoplasty

ENT An operation in which the reconstructive procedure is limited to repair of a tympanic membrane perforation

my·rin·go·plas·ty

(mi-ring'gō-plas'tē)
Operative repair of a damaged tympanic membrane.
[myringo- + plassō, to form]

myringoplasty

1. Surgical repair of a hole (perforation) in an eardrum.
2. A repair operation involving the drum and the chain of small bones (the auditory ossicles) in the middle ear.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ringenburg was one of the first one to describe fat plug myringoplasty with a success rate of 87%.
During the myringoplasty surgery, the geometrical changes of TM and its fixation is up to the surgeon.
We assessed the success rate and presumed prognostic factors in 341 myringoplasty operations performed at Groote Schuur Hospital by surgeons in the Department of Otolaryngology from January 2005 to December 2009.
He based his remarks on results from a survey that evaluated the results of paper-patch myringoplasty in small (less than 3 mm), medium (3-5 mm), and large (greater than 5 mm) chronic perforations of the tympanic membrane.
The safety and effectiveness of myringoplasty notwithstanding, some adverse events such as infections, bleeding, and ossicular chain injury with hearing impairment can occur.
This study aims to evaluate the outcome of myringoplasty based on closure of TM perforation and hearing improvement and various factors affecting the surgical outcome.
Anatomy of the middle ear and detail of instrumentation and operating room are covered, followed by a variety of contributions from experts on particular procedures and applications including fat graft myringoplasty, tympanoplasty, otitis media and cholesteatoma, the mastoid system in chronic ear disease, procedures in the office, a minimally invasive retrosigmoid approach, and cochlear endoscopy.
Background: Myringoplasty is one of the surgical techniques for the management of chronic suppurative otitis media with permanent perforation of tympanic membrane.
In the present study, a statistical significant improvement in bone conduction thresholds was observed with myringoplasty at frequencies of 1000 and 2000 Htz.
Preoperative disinfection of the ear with chlorhexidine has been associated with deafness after myringoplasty (53).