myofascial syndrome

my·o·fas·ci·al syn·drome

irritation of the muscles and fascia of the back and neck causing acute and chronic pain not associated with any neurologic or bony evidence of disease; presumed to arise primarily from poorly understood changes in the muscle and fascia themselves.

myofascial pain syndrome

A chronic, nonprogressive, nondegenerative and non-inflammatory musculoskeletal pain syndrome, which is characterised by local or referred pain evoked at multiple trigger points and accompanied by stiffness, weakness, “knot formation”, and decreased range of motion in precise, specific patterns.
 
Clinical findings
Generalised pain—head, neck, chest, joints, pelvis, back, sciatica.
 
Management
Three-step analgesic ladder: injection with local anaesthetics, steroids, anti-inflammatories.

Mechanism
Possibly autonomic dysfunction.

myofascial syndrome

Neurology A painful condition characterized by local or referred pain evoked at multiple trigger points, accompanied by pain, stiffness, weakness, ↓ ROM Clinical Pain everywhere–head, neck, chest, joints, pelvis, back, sciatica Management 3-step drug ladder
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References in periodicals archive ?
Among 283 consecutive admissions to a comprehensive pain clinic, 85% were assigned a primary organic diagnosis of myofascial syndrome.
Nerve lesion leads to changes in muscle function, resulting in muscle imbalances with deformity of soft tissues and joints (2-6) that can contribute to the development of myofascial syndrome.
Myofascial Syndrome and Pain: A Neurophysiological approach.
It's related with other medical conditions like myofascial syndrome, irritable bowel, depression, anxiety, tensional headache, etc.
Myofascial syndrome, how pain develops and re-education are examined in this article.
This was essentially a myofascial syndrome with perhaps some component of postoperative pain," he said.
Pressure on these nodules produces the sclerotomal pain referral patterns that are also seen with myofascial syndromes, and which often confuse clinicians into thinking that the problem is nerve root compensation.