myeloencephalitis


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myeloencephalitis

 [mi″ĕ-lo-en-sef″ah-li´tis]
inflammation of the spinal cord and brain.

myeloencephalitis

/my·elo·en·ceph·a·li·tis/ (-en-sef″ah-li´tis) inflammation of the spinal cord and brain.

myeloencephalitis

(mī″ĕl-ō-ĕn-sĕf″ă-lī′tĭs) [″ + ″ + itis, inflammation]
Inflammation of the spinal cord and the brain.

myeloencephalitis

inflammation of the spinal cord and brain. See also encephalomyelitis

equine herpesvirus myeloencephalitis
caused by some strains of equine herpesvirus 1. The lesions differ from other herpesvirus encephalidities in other species in that there are thrombi in small blood vessels, probably caused by viral antigen-antibody complexes and consequent anoxic changes, including loss of neurons. Called also equine herpesvirus encephalomyelitis.
equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM)
presents with focal or multifocal signs of neurologic disease involving the brain, brain stem and or spinal cord. It is caused most commonly by Sarcocystis neurona but occasionally by Neospora caninum or the closely related N. hughesi. The definitive host for S. neurona in North America is the North American possum Didelphis virginiana and in South America D. marsupialis and D. albiventris. The disease is more common in the summer, may be acute or chronic, and there is great variation in clinical signs due to the ability of the organism to infect both white and gray matter at multiple sites in the central nervous system.
References in periodicals archive ?
Clinical and epidemiological characteristics of 162 patients with myeloencephalitis probably caused by Gnathostoma spinigerum.
Two fatal cases of eosinophilic myeloencephalitis a newly recognized disease caused by Gnathostoma spinigerum.
In vitro cultivation and characterization of a Neospora isolate obtained from a horse with protozoal myeloencephalitis.
Interpreting immunoblot testing of cerebrospinal fluid for equine protozoal myeloencephalitis.
EHV-1 is endemic in domestic horses and can cause pneumonia, myeloencephalitis, and abortion (13).
ANOTHER top Kentucky stallion, Woodman, is covering again after undergoing precautionary treatment for the bacterial disorder equine proto- zoal myeloencephalitis (EPM).
Several neurologic conditions were considered in the differential diagnosis, including other viral encephalomyelitides (rabies, Aujesky disease, Borna disease, EHV-1 myeloencephalopathy, WEEV, and WNV encephalomyelitis), bacterial meningitis, listeriosis, leukoencephalomalacia, lead poisoning, equine protozoal myeloencephalitis, nigropallidal encephalomalacia, botulism, and verminous encephalitis.