mycosis


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Related to mycosis: mycosis fungoides, superficial mycosis

mycosis

 [mi-ko´sis]
any disease caused by fungi.
mycosis fungoi´des a chronic or rapidly progressive form of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (formerly thought to be of fungal origin), which in some cases evolves into generalized lymphoma. It may be divided generally into three successive stages: premycotic, associated with intensely pruritic eruptions; infiltrated plaques, or mycotic, characterized by the presence of abnormal mononuclear cells (Sézary cells); and mushroom-like tumors that often ulcerate. The tumor stage (d'emblée type) may develop without preceding lesions or prodromal symptoms.
opportunistic mycosis a fungal or funguslike disease occurring as an opportunistic infection. Fungi that may become opportunistic pathogens include species of Aspergillus, Candida, Mucor, and Cryptococcus. Successful treatment of opportunistic mycoses depends on identification of the specific organism causing the infection. Without effective therapy a systemic infection of this type can be fatal.

my·co·sis

, pl.

my·co·ses

(mī-kō'sis, -sēz),
Any disease caused by a fungus (filamentous or yeast).
[myco- + G. -osis, condition]

mycosis

/my·co·sis/ (mi-ko´sis) any disease caused by fungi.
mycosis fungoi´des  a chronic, malignant, lymphoreticular neoplasm of the skin and, in late stages, lymph nodes and viscera, with development of large, painful, ulcerating tumors.

mycosis

(mī-kō′sĭs)
n. pl. myco·ses (-sēz)
1. A fungal infection in or on a part of the body.
2. A disease caused by a fungus.

mycosis

[mīkō′sis]
Etymology: Gk, mykes + osis, condition
any disease caused by a fungus. Some kinds of mycoses are candidiasis, coccidioidomycosis, and tinea pedis. mycotic, adj.

mycosis

A fungal infection; the most common mycosis in the US is candidiasis, caused by C albicans, commonly vaginal in adult ♀, oral in children, and esophageal in AIDS and immunocompromise

my·co·sis

(mī-kō'sis)
Any disease caused by a fungus (filamentous or yeast).
[myco- + G. -osis, condition]

mycosis

(mī-kō′sĭs) [″ + osis, condition]
Any disease induced by a fungus, or resembling a fungal disease.

mycosis fungoides

Abbreviation: MF
Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, esp. when the disease is first clinically apparent on the skin. The skin is marked by irregularly shaped macules, plaques, or nodules, which usually first appear on the trunk and may sometimes cause considerable itching. The rash may be difficult to diagnose or may be misdiagnosed as another form of dermatitis. Biopsy specimens may reveal atypical-appearing lymphocytes in the epidermis or collections of malignant lymphocytes in clusters called Pautrier's microabscesses. Eventually (e.g., 10 or more years after diagnosis), the malignant cells disseminate throughout the skin and into lymph nodes and internal organs.

Treatment

Topical nitrogen mustard, phototherapy with psoralens and ultraviolet light, systemic chemotherapy, interferons, extracorporeal phototherapy, and electron beam radiation of the skin have all been used. The disease may be curable when treated in its very earliest stage.

NOTE

The name “mycosis fungoides” is deceptive, as the disease is not fungal in origin.

superficial mycosis

Any of a group of fungus infections of the skin. Included in this group are erythrasma, tinea barbae, tinea capitis, tinea corporis, tinea cruris, tinea favosa, tinea pedis, tinea unguium, and trichomycosis axillaris.
Enlarge picture
SYSTEMIC MYCOSIS: Cryptococcosis of lung; arrows indicate fungus (orig. mag. ×450)

systemic mycosis

Any of a group of deep fungus infections involving various bodily systems or regions. Included in this group are aspergillosis, blastomycosis, chromoblastomycosis, coccidioidomycosis, cryptococcosis, geotrichosis, histoplasmosis, maduromycosis, moniliasis, mucormycosis, nocardiosis, penicilliosis, rhinosporidiosis, and sporotrichosis. See: illustration
illustration

mycosis

Any disease caused by a fungus.

mycosis

an animal disease caused by fungal infection.

mycosis

any disease caused by fungi

my·co·sis

(mī-kō'sis)
Any disease caused by a fungus (filamentous or yeast).
[myco- + G. -osis, condition]

mycosis

(mīkō´sis),
n a disease caused by a yeast or fungus.

mycosis

pl. mycoses; any disease caused by fungi.

dermal mycosis
see ringworm, epizootic lymphangitis, sporotrichosis, swamp cancer. Called also dermatophytosis.
mycosis fungoides
a chronic, malignant, lymphoreticular neoplasm of the skin, and, in late stages, lymph nodes and viscera; a type of cutaneous lymphosarcoma involving T lymphocytes. It occurs in humans, dogs and cats.
guttural pouch mycosis
see guttural pouch mycosis.
opportunistic mycosis
a fungal or fungus-like disease occurring in an animal with a compromised immune system. Opportunistic organisms are normal resident flora that become pathogenic only when the host's immune defenses are altered, as in immunosuppressive therapy, in a chronic disease, such as diabetes mellitus, or during steroid or antibacterial therapy that upsets the balance of bacterial flora in the body.
superficial mycosis
those involving the superficial layers of the skin; typical of infections caused by dermatophytes.
systemic mycosis
fungal infection spread via the bloodstream and characterized by multiple granulomatous lesions in many organs. See aspergillosis, blastomycosis, coccidioidomycosis, cryptococcosis, histoplasmosis, mucormycosis.

Patient discussion about mycosis

Q. What is the best way to treat fungal infection so it wont come back every year at the same time?? I don't know where I got it from- maybe caught it in a public shower,some people say it develops while the foot is in the shoe for long hours- I'm not sure- but every fall, for like 5 years now, I've been having this fungal infection in a few spots in my feet. usually in the same exact spots and ewvery year another one show up. what to do to make it go away?? it's real ugly and itchy, can't stand it. any help would be appreciated...

A. i also used to have fungal infections (Athlete's foot). i just applied a topical anti fungal cream to treat it and then continued applying it for prevention and started to use sandals in public showers. and thank god, i don't have any now.

More discussions about mycosis
References in periodicals archive ?
is a privately held, specialty pharmaceutical company that is developing a proprietary gel formulation of mechlorethamine hydrochloride for the treatment of early stage (stages I-IIA) mycosis fungoides, a type of CTCL.
IB and C), attached to the plant and displaying Hirsutella-induced mycosis, were seen as early as 7 and 12 d after exposure, respectively.
mentagrophytes is associated with superficial skin, nail and hair mycosis.
They tested the blood of healthy individuals who were related to people with mycosis fungoides, using both routine and specialized screenings.
To the Editor: Cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCLs) are a heterogeneous group of lymphoproliferative disorders, of which mycosis fungoides (MF) is the most common type.
Most cases of sinusitis and bronchopulmonary mycosis are caused by species of Curvularia or Bipolaris.
Funguard for Infusion 50mg and Funguard for Infusion 75mg are now available in the treatment of infections including fungemia, respiratory mycosis, and gastrointestinal mycosis in pediatric patients.
The most common types of CTCL include mycosis fungoides (MF) and Sezary syndrome (SS).
The appendices offer guidelines for treating allergies to cow's milk and wheat, as well as hyperergy and intestinal mycosis.
Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) comprises a heterogeneous group of malignancies, the most common form of which is mycosis fungoides (MF) (Table 1).
Italian researchers at the University of Rome and the University of L'Aquila found the virus in seven patients with a relatively rare form of lymphoma cancer called mycosis fungoides, after first isolating it from a cell line derived from another mycosis fungoides patient.
02% to pharmacy-compounded mechlorethamine ointment for the treatment of early stage mycosis fungoides (MF), the most common form of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL), have been published in JAMA Dermatology (formerly Archives of Dermatology).