In addition, this positive effect of shade in the mutualism
between ants and D.
These tightly-coupled mutualisms
between ants and trees are still unknown in the temperate zone, though they do exist between ants and many common forest understory herbs, such as trillium and bloodroot, which provide similar food rewards for dispersing their seeds.
Critical review of host specificity and its coevolutionary implications in the fig/fig-wasp mutualism
In such cases, habitat fragmentation or loss of native pollinators might compound the threat of climate change to mutualisms
," Tucker Gilman, lead author of the paper, said.
My objectives are to: (1) provide the first account of the host-parasite interaction between Red-Rumped Caciques and Giant Cowbirds, (2) compare this interaction with previous studies of Giant Cowbirds and other hosts with particular emphasis on the possible egg and nestling mimicry by the parasite, and (3) evaluate the possible occurrence of a preening mutualism
between caciques and cowbirds.
VIDEO EXTRA: Watch this video about clownfish and sea anemone mutualism
at the National Geographic Web site: http://video.
and pollen specialization among bees.
When one organism attaches itself to another for the benefit of both, as in the case of yogic initiation, that is the form of symbiosis known as mutualism
15) Further, "in utilizing the concept of 'community,' voluntary associations attempted to fashion collective liberal identifies and bonds of mutualism
within a social order that focused on individualist doctrines inherent in the growth of liberal state and market structures.
differs from pre-industrial mutualism
in the degree to which modern transactions are commercialized, executed as an exchange for money.
However, the discovery of the nitrogen-fixing mutualism
in ants has significant ecological implications given the dominance of ants in virtually all of the word's terrestrial ecosystems.
Less convincing is his discussion of craft mutualism
when it moves outside the workplace context.