mustard gas


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mus·tard gas (HD),

a poisonous vesicating gas introduced in World War I; it is the progenitor of the so-called nitrogen mustards; used in chemical warfare; a known carcinogen.
Synonym(s): di, mustard (2) , sulfur mustard

mustard gas

[mus′tərd]
a poisonous gas used in chemical warfare during World War I. It causes corrosive destruction of the skin and mucous membranes, often resulting in permanent respiratory damage and death.
One of a class of cytotoxic, vesicant chemical warfare agents which form large blisters on exposed skin and respiratory tract mucosa. In addition to vesicle formation, mustard gas is mutagenic and carcinogenic and stores long term in fat.

mus·tard gas

(mŭs'tărd gas)
A commonly used term for the vesicating chemical-warfare agent sulfur mustard, even though sulfur mustard is usually encountered as a solid, a liquid, or a vapor and does not boil until 217°C (423°F).

mustard

an irritant compound derived from the dried ripe seed of Brassica (Sinapis) alba, B. nigra or B. juncea. Contains toxic allyl isothiocyanate in nontoxic glycoside form, though the plant also contains myrosinase, an enzyme that converts the glycoside to the toxic form. Used as a carminative, emetic and counterirritant in poultices.

mustard gas
one of several gases used in military activities, e.g. dichlorodiethylsulfide. Causes vesication of skin, blindness due to corneal damage, and pulmonary edema if inhaled.
mustard greens
green foliage of several mustard-type plants, used in salads.
mustard oil
present in high concentrations in mustard plants and causes acute indigestion in animals.
mustard oil glucosinolates
toxic oil glucosinolates found in plants.
sulfur mustard
a synthetic compound with vesicant and other toxic properties.
tansy mustard
References in periodicals archive ?
The mustard gas was likely from reserves previously belonging to the regime in Damascus, de Bretton Gordon said, as when President Bashar Assad agreed to carry out an inventory of stocks, it was widely believed that 200 tons of mustard gas was missing, he added.
At Tooele alone, there are 6,400 one-ton containers of mustard gas that are being analyzed for mercury contamination.
The critical component of GB--dichlorophosphinate (dichloro)--was manufactured in a regular mustard gas reactor at the Muscle Shoals Phosphate Development Works (Site A), located at the Tennessee Valley Authority Wilson Dam, Alabama.
After a Chinese construction worker was killed when his crew unearthed canisters of mustard gas on 4 August 2003, Japan agreed to pay US$2.
This "dual-use" plant, built by the California-based Bechtel Corporation, "would be able to generate chemical compounds needed to make mustard gas and nerve gas," writes Friedman.
Some 173 tonnes of mustard gas bombs, shells and mines are stacked at the depot in Vimy - site of a bloody Canadian assault on German trenches at Easter 1917.
Of the removed shells, 733 contain mustard gas, which blisters the skin and damages the lungs, often causing blindness and death, and 154 contain agents that induce nausea, the officials said.
Vesicants like Mustard gas or Lewisite that cause a blistering or burn-like syndrome
Australian volunteers served as guinea pigs in chemical weapons trials, principally involving mustard gas, during which they received terrible burns and, in many cases, suffered permanent disabilities and an increased risk of life-threatening diseases.
As his contribution to a projected Hall of Remembrance, a repository of war art, Sargent chose what he called the "harrowing sight" of the victims of mustard gas.
The cache includes some 400,000 weapons, notably mustard gas and 400 tons of nerve gas.
Data Presented at 4(th) Annual NIH CounterACT Network Research Symposium in San Francisco Supports Compound's Potential as a Countermeasure for Mustard Gas Exposure