sulfur mustard

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mus·tard gas (HD),

a poisonous vesicating gas introduced in World War I; it is the progenitor of the so-called nitrogen mustards; used in chemical warfare; a known carcinogen.
Synonym(s): di, mustard (2) , sulfur mustard

sul·fur mustard

(sŭl'fŭr mŭs'tărd)
A vesicating chemical-warfare agent used extensively in World War I (1914-1918) and thereafter and sometimes called "mustard gas," a misnomer because it does not boil until 217°C (423°F). The NATO code for the impure sulfur mustard prepared by the Löwenstein process used in World War I is H; the NATO code for neat, or distilled, sulfur mustard is HD.


an irritant compound derived from the dried ripe seed of Brassica (Sinapis) alba, B. nigra or B. juncea. Contains toxic allyl isothiocyanate in nontoxic glycoside form, though the plant also contains myrosinase, an enzyme that converts the glycoside to the toxic form. Used as a carminative, emetic and counterirritant in poultices.

mustard gas
one of several gases used in military activities, e.g. dichlorodiethylsulfide. Causes vesication of skin, blindness due to corneal damage, and pulmonary edema if inhaled.
mustard greens
green foliage of several mustard-type plants, used in salads.
mustard oil
present in high concentrations in mustard plants and causes acute indigestion in animals.
mustard oil glucosinolates
toxic oil glucosinolates found in plants.
sulfur mustard
a synthetic compound with vesicant and other toxic properties.
tansy mustard
References in periodicals archive ?
The types of chemical agents used by the Islamic State, including low-grade mustard agent, do not require a high level of technical expertise to produce, and the knowledge is widely available.
The storage mission, which represents about 2 percent of the original declared stockpile, includes 523 tons of nerve agents and mustard agents in projectiles, warheads, and rockets.
5) Principally, this included, among other substances, nerve agents, mustard agents, and chlorine.
Mustard agent can maim or kill by damaging skin, the eyes and airways.
They used a transportable oven technology to destroy hundreds of bombs and artillery rounds filled with deadly mustard agent, which American officials had feared could fall into the hands of terrorists.
since mustard agent vapor penetrates most fabrics, victims near the
This was accomplished by mixing the mustard agent with hot water and sodium hydroxide.
Mustard agent produces severe burns and can be fatal, while satin and VX are potent nerve agents that can kill within minutes by attacking the central nervous system.
and British experts a significant quantity of a mustard agent that was produced near Rabta more than a decade ago and aerial bombs that were designed to be filled with the substance on short notice.
This could include deadly nerve agents such as sarin, cyclosarin and VX as well as a mustard agent similar to that used in the First World War.
Instead of burning the mustard agent and explosives now stored in artillery and mortar shells at the depot (which to the environment is equivalent to exploding them on the battlefield) the new process will mix the components with warm water to deactivate them.