Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) is the most frequent reason of torticollis in children.
Key Words: Congenital muscular torticollis, treatment, exercise, surgery
The determinants of treatment duration for congenital muscular torticollis.
Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) is a relatively common neck condition of infancy that appears best managed with early conservative intervention (Corradi-Scalise et al, 2006; Do, 2006; Karmel-Ross, 2006).
Bredenkamp JK, Hoover LA, Berke GS and Shaw A (1990): Congenital muscular torticollis.
Burstein FD (2004): Long-term experience with endoscopic surgical treatment for congenital muscular torticollis in infants and children: a review of 85 cases.
Infants who present with congenital muscular torticollis (16,17,25)
At this stage, asymmetry of lying posture and thigh or hip creases, as well as conditions such as congenital muscular torticollis, become more evident.
Outcome of surgical treatment of congenital muscular torticollis.
Congenital muscular torticollis and sternomastoid tumor: results of nonoperative treatment.
Correlation of clinical and ultrasonographic features in congenital muscular torticollis.
Another contributory factor is thought to be congenital muscular torticollis
, which is reported to occur in one in 300 live births (13) and of which 90% are likely to develop plagiocephaly.