congenital torticollis

(redirected from muscular torticollis)

con·gen·i·tal tor·ti·col·lis

torticollis due to a unilateral fibrous tumor in the sternocleidomastoid muscle, present at birth as a swelling that may subside or may lead to torticollis by shortening of the muscle.
A focal dystonia consisting of one-sided contracture with palpable induration of the sternocleidomastoid muscle, causing the chin to turn towards the opposite side and the head to rotate towards the lesion; wryneck is accompanied by facial muscle dysplasia
Aetiology Congenital form—unclear—possibly due to in utero or peripartum trauma to venous drainage, causing asymmetric development of the face and skull; the later it is recognised, the more likely it will require surgery
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References in periodicals archive ?
Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) is the most frequent reason of torticollis in children.
Key Words: Congenital muscular torticollis, treatment, exercise, surgery
The determinants of treatment duration for congenital muscular torticollis.
Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) is a relatively common neck condition of infancy that appears best managed with early conservative intervention (Corradi-Scalise et al, 2006; Do, 2006; Karmel-Ross, 2006).
Bredenkamp JK, Hoover LA, Berke GS and Shaw A (1990): Congenital muscular torticollis.
Burstein FD (2004): Long-term experience with endoscopic surgical treatment for congenital muscular torticollis in infants and children: a review of 85 cases.
Infants who present with congenital muscular torticollis (16,17,25)
At this stage, asymmetry of lying posture and thigh or hip creases, as well as conditions such as congenital muscular torticollis, become more evident.
Outcome of surgical treatment of congenital muscular torticollis.
Congenital muscular torticollis and sternomastoid tumor: results of nonoperative treatment.
Correlation of clinical and ultrasonographic features in congenital muscular torticollis.
Another contributory factor is thought to be congenital muscular torticollis, which is reported to occur in one in 300 live births (13) and of which 90% are likely to develop plagiocephaly.