muramic acid


Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to muramic acid: gluconic acid, N-Acetylneuraminic acid

mu·ram·ic ac·id (Mur),

(myū-ram'ik as'id),
2-Amino-3-O-(1-carboxyethyl)-2-deoxy-d-glucose; d-glucosamine and lactate in ether linkage between the 3 and 2 positions, respectively; a constituent of the mureins in bacterial cell walls.

muramic acid

(myo͝o-răm′ĭk)
n.
An amino sugar, C9H17NO7, found in the peptidoglycan layer of the cell walls of many bacteria.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
For both bed and family room dust, these microbial biomarkers included ergosterol level (nanograms per milligram of dust), [beta]-D-glucan (nanograms per milligram of dust), midchain (C10:0, C12:0, C14:0) 3-OHFAs (picomoles per milligram of dust), endotoxin (endotoxin units per milligram of dust, by both LAL and rFC), and muramic acid (nanograms per milligram of dust).
08 Glucosamine Muramic acid (mg C kg) (mg C kg) Virgin 1749 [+ or -] 248 86 [+ or -] 17 Cultivated 408 [+ or -] 329 25 [+ or -] 14 G/M ratio Virgin 20.
The presence of muramic acid, HMG CoA reductase and cholesterol oxidase activity inhibited by antibiotics indicates the presence of bacteria with mevalonate pathway.
The parameters checked as indicated above were:--cytochrome F420, free RNA, free DNA, muramic acid, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, hydrogen peroxide, serotonin, pyruvate, ammonia, glutamate, cytochrome C, hexokinase, ATP synthase, HMG CoA redutase, digoxin and bile acids.
The following estimations were carried out:--Cytochrome F420, free RNA, free DNA, muramic acid, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, hydrogen peroxide, dopamine, pyruvate, ammonia, glutamate, cytochrome C, hexokinase, ATP synthase, HMG CoA reductase, digoxin and bile acids [10, 11, 12, 13].
The following estimations were carried out:-Cytochrome F420, free RNA, free DNA, muramic acid, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, hydrogen peroxide, serotonin, pyruvate, ammonia, glutamate, cytochrome C, hexokinase, ATP synthase, HMG CoA redutase, digoxin and bile acids [11,12,13,14].
The following estimations were carried out:-Cytochrome F420, free RNA, free DNA, muramic acid, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, hydrogen peroxide, dopamine, pyruvate, ammonia, glutamate, cytochrome C, hexokinase, ATP synthase, HMG CoA reductase, digoxin and bile acids [10,11,12,13].
Table 1 Effect of Rutile and Antibiotics on Muramic Acid and Dopamine DOPAMINE % DOPAMINE % (Increase with Rutile) (Decrease with Doxy) Group Mean [+ or -] SD Mean [+ or -] SD Normal 4.
Table 1 Effect of Rutile and Antibiotics on Muramic Acid and Serotonin Muramic acid % Muramic acid % (Increase without Doxy) (Decrease with Doxy) Group Mean [+ or -] SD Mean [+ or -] SD Normal 4.
The parameters checked as indicated above were:cytochrome F420, free RNA, free DNA, muramic acid, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, hydrogen peroxide, serotonin, pyruvate, ammonia, glutamate, cytochrome C, hexokinase, ATP synthase, HMG CoA reductase, digoxin and bile acids.
001 Table 7 Effect of Rutile and Antibiotics on Muramic Acid and Serotonin Muramic acid % change Muramic acid % change (Increase with Rutile) (Decrease with Doxy+Cipro) Group Mean [+ or -] SD Mean [+ or -] SD Normal 4.