This representation mixes additive and multiplicative
parts (Brauers 2004c: 228).
Finally, the Full Multiplicative
Form used the initial data to rank the Member States according to Eq.
Each teacher chose a group of students to work with on enhancing multiplicative
A graph G = (V(G), E(G)) with p vertices is said to be strongly multiplicative
if the vertices of G can be labeled with p distinct integers 1, 2 p such that label induced on the edges by the product of labels of the end vertices are all distinct.
ii) We will also establish a SR vs the switching rate of the multiplicative
noise and show that this effect can be enhanced by variations in the characteristic memory time of the internal noise.
If multiple countermeasures target the same crash type, engineers may consider applying only the most effective CMF, or use the multiplicative
method for combining CMFs and reduce the CMFs for additional treatments by a percentage.
Whereas the Ratio System and the Full Multiplicative
Form are fully compensatory methods, the Reference Point is the method based on the Min-Max metric of Tchebycheff and thus identifies certain alternatives peculiar with relative backwardness in either of criteria.
To apply the multiplicative
utility function method, the decision matrix should be normalized by formula (1) (3aBagcKac 1987) if the values of attributes are maximizing, and by formula 2 ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.
Exponential smoothing models Trend Seasonality None Additive Multiplicative
(N) (A) (M) None (N) N-N N-A N-M Additive (A) A-N A-A A-M Damped additive (DA) DA-N DA-A DA-M Multiplicative
(M) M-N M-A M-M Damped multiplicative
(DM) DM-N DM-A DM-M Tab.
First, consider the multiplicative
modelling error as defined in Equation (7).
if expenditure functions are multiplicative
across conditions), expenditures calculated separately for each condition double-count the contributions to expenditures of the joint occurrences.
In summary, we have two alternative equations, one with additive and the other with multiplicative
perceptual noise, that are equally consistent with the two foremost empirical regularities in the psychophysical literature.