Perceived causes strongly suggest that multiparity
and post-menopause may not be primary causes of prolapse in Nepal, but rather that an increase in intra-abdominal pressure, especially during the immediate post-partum period, is a contributing cause of and risk for genital prolapse.
Risk factors during pregnancy include multiparity
, advanced age, African American race, and preeclampsia.
Rates of several traditional obstetric risk factors for shoulder dystocia, such as maternal diabetes, epidural use, and multiparity
, were not significantly higher among shoulder dystocia cases than among normal births in a retrospective review of more than 250,000 vaginal births.
Age--which slightly increased a patient's headache risk with each year--and multiparity
were also significant risk factors for postpartum headache (odds ratios of 1.
Success correlated well with multiparity
, use of tocolytic drugs, adequate amniotic fluid volume, location of the placenta, and estimated fetal weight greater than 3,000 g.
The analysis also found that multiparity
and age younger than 25 years had a positive association with seropositivity.
, operative vaginal delivery, and birth weight were associated with shoulder dystocia at the public hospital.
The label also notes that the risk of uterine rupture increases with advancing gestational ages and with prior uterine surgery, including Cesarean delivery Grand multiparity
also appears to be a risk factor for rupture.
Other risk factors for uterine bleeding include infection, use of uterine relaxing agents, prolonged use of oxytocin, multiparity
, and history of prior postpartum hemorrhage.
Although the cause is mostly unknown and the condition frequently presents in the absence of preexisting heart disease or hypertension, advanced maternal age, obesity, multiparity
, and multiple gestations are risk factors.
Risk factors include physical disabilities, dementia, diabetes, urinary incontinence, chronic diarrhea, and multiparity