multinodular goiter


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Related to multinodular goiter: toxic multinodular goiter

goiter

 [goi´ter]
enlargement of the thyroid gland, causing a swelling in the front part of the neck; called also struma. adj., adj goit´rous. If there is evidence of pressure against the throat, or the possibility of a malignancy, the goiter may be removed surgically. Simple endemic goiter is usually caused by lack of iodine in the diet. In graves' disease, goiter is accompanied by excessive thyroid hormones in the blood and symptoms of hyperthyroidism.
aberrant goiter goiter of a supernumerary thyroid gland.
adenomatous goiter that caused by adenoma or multiple colloid nodules of the thyroid gland.
Basedow goiter a colloid goiter that has become hyperfunctioning after administration of iodine.
colloid goiter one that is large and soft and has distended spaces filled with colloid.
cystic goiter one with cysts formed by mucoid or colloid degeneration.
diffuse toxic goiter exophthalmic goiter.
endemic goiter goiter occurring widely in a geographic region where the food or water is deficient in iodine. Treatment consists of iodine replacement; although this will not cure the condition, it can stop it from enlarging, and iodine administered in advance will prevent development of goiter.
exophthalmic goiter any type accompanied by exophthalmos.
fibrous goiter goiter in which the thyroid capsule and stroma are hyperplastic.
follicular goiter parenchymatous goiter.
intrathoracic goiter one with part of the enlarged gland in the thoracic cavity.
iodide goiter that occurring in reaction to iodides at high concentrations, due to inhibition of iodide organification.
multinodular goiter one with circumscribed nodules within the gland.
nontoxic goiter that occurring sporadically and not associated with hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism.
parenchymatous goiter one with increase in follicles and proliferation of epithelium.
perivascular goiter one that surrounds a large blood vessel.
retrovascular goiter one with processes behind a large blood vessel.
substernal goiter one whose lower part lies beneath the sternum.
suffocative goiter one that causes dyspnea due to pressure.
toxic multinodular goiter hyperthyroidism arising in a multinodular goiter, usually of long standing.
vascular goiter one due chiefly to dilatation of the blood vessels of the thyroid gland.

mul·ti·nod·u·lar goi·ter

adenomatous goiter with several colloid nodules.

mul·ti·nod·u·lar goi·ter

(mŭl'tē-nod'yū-lăr goy'těr)
Adenomatous goiter with several colloid nodules.

multinodular goiter

A goiter having many circumscribed nodules.
See also: goiter
References in periodicals archive ?
Free triiodothyronine toxicosis in a patient with multinodular goiter.
The indications for total thyroidectomy included multinodular goiter (n = 30), papillarythyroid cancer (n = 25), follicular adenoma (n = 7), Graves disease (n = 5), and squamous cell carcinoma (n = 2).
Three years ago he was noted to have a multinodular goiter with cold areas on ultrasound scans.
He had undergone a left lobe thyroidectomy for multinodular goiter 21 years earlier, but he had not undergone any postoperative follow-up.
3] toxicosis due to Graves' disease, toxic adenoma, or toxic multinodular goiter was suspected.
1) Unlike other thyroid malignancies, anaplastic thyroid carcinoma usually presents at a late age--that is, in the 6th and 7th decades of life--and is thought to arise from differentiated thyroid carcinoma or multinodular goiter by thyroid-stimulating hormone transformation.
In a euthyroid patient with a multinodular goiter, the most appropriate initial approach is fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the dominant or largest nodule, Sarah Kwong, M.
These etiologies include Graves' disease, toxic adenoma, toxic multinodular goiter, factitious thyrotoxicosis, thyrotropin-producing pituitary tumors, and lymphocytic thyroiditis.
131]I) for multinodular goiter disease 2 years earlier, and she had been euthyroid prior to hemithyroidectomy.
Obviously, therapy for a toxic multinodular goiter in an elderly woman would differ from that for a young woman with the usually transient thyrotoxicosis associated with postpartum thyroiditis.
Frozen-section analysis revealed that the resected mass was consistent with a multinodular goiter.
Since iodized salt was introduced, the incidence of multinodular goiter has decreased in the United States.