multicystic


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Related to multicystic: multicystic encephalomalacia

polycystic

 [pol″e-sis´tik]
containing many cysts.
polycystic kidney disease either of two unrelated hereditary diseases in which there is massive enlargement of the kidney with cyst formation. It occurs in two forms, distinguished by age of onset and other characteristics.

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD, formerly called adult polycystic kidney disease) is the most common type of cystic disease of the kidneys. It is usually manifested during the third decade of life. Renal failure may appear by the fifth decade, with terminal failure occurring in the next ten years, although in some cases it never appears. Although there is rarely any liver dysfunction accompanying this disorder, cyst formation in the liver does occur.

Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD), formerly called childhood polycystic kidney disease, is diagnosed at birth or in the first ten years of life and is much less common than the autosomal dominant form. Both the kidney and the liver are involved, causing renal failure and liver failure with portal hypertension. Characteristic symptoms early in the process include pain, hematuria, urinary tract infection, kidney stones, and obstructive uropathy with anuria.

Treatment of both types of polycystic kidney disease is largely symptomatic. Renal dialysis and kidney transplantation during end-stage renal disease can prolong life but offer no cure. Families with histories of polycystic kidney disease require genetic counseling and may need help in coping with the prospect of future offspring afflicted with the disease.
polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) a clinical symptom complex associated with polycystic ovaries and characterized by oligomenorrhea or amenorrhea, anovulation (hence infertility), and hirsutism. Both hyperestrogenism (from peripheral conversion of androgen) and hyperandrogenism are present. Excretion of follicle-stimulating hormone and 17-ketosteroids is normal, but infertility is usually persistent, requiring treatment with wedge resection, clomiphene, or gonadotropins. Called also Stein-Leventhal syndrome.
polycystic renal disease polycystic kidney disease.

multicystic

(mŭl″tē-sĭs′tĭk)
Composed of or having many cysts.

multicystic

polycystic.
References in periodicals archive ?
Diagnosis depends on the radiographic image resembling a racemose cysticercus (because of the multicystic aspect of T.
Localized and diffuse mesotheliomas of the genital tract and peritoneum in women: a clinicopathologic study of nineteen true mesothelial neoplasms, other than adenomatoid tumors, multicystic mesotheliomas, and localized fibrous tumors.
The multicystic or solid group is the most commonly encountered ameloblastoma and is subdivided into 6 histological subtypes: follicular, plexiform, acanthomatous, granular cell, desmoplastic and basal cell types.
On pathologic examination, the resected specimen was described grossly as a tan, multicystic mass.
Katie was born with a relatively rare condition known as multicystic dysplastic kidney, meaning the organ has no function.
5-cm, multicystic, irregular, hemorrhagic mass infiltrated the hilar region of the left ovary (Fig 3).
Medics told the couple there was no chance of their baby surviving as the multicystic kidney disease affected both of his kidneys and neither were functioning.
Two foetuses were found to have cystic renal abnormalities suggestive of unilateral multicystic renal dysplasia.
This report describes a leiomyoma which was distinctive because of its massive size and its multicystic appearance, creating considerable clinical and gross pathologic diagnostic dilemmas, as well as a surgical challenge.
The baby was suffering from multicystic dysplastic kidneys, a rare condition in which cysts form on the kidneys, crippling both those organs and the lungs.
Such events included significant postembolization syndrome--described as flu-like symptoms--enlargement of a multicystic adnexal mass, and excessive vaginal discharge, Dr.