multicystic


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Related to multicystic: multicystic encephalomalacia

polycystic

 [pol″e-sis´tik]
containing many cysts.
polycystic kidney disease either of two unrelated hereditary diseases in which there is massive enlargement of the kidney with cyst formation. It occurs in two forms, distinguished by age of onset and other characteristics.

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD, formerly called adult polycystic kidney disease) is the most common type of cystic disease of the kidneys. It is usually manifested during the third decade of life. Renal failure may appear by the fifth decade, with terminal failure occurring in the next ten years, although in some cases it never appears. Although there is rarely any liver dysfunction accompanying this disorder, cyst formation in the liver does occur.

Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD), formerly called childhood polycystic kidney disease, is diagnosed at birth or in the first ten years of life and is much less common than the autosomal dominant form. Both the kidney and the liver are involved, causing renal failure and liver failure with portal hypertension. Characteristic symptoms early in the process include pain, hematuria, urinary tract infection, kidney stones, and obstructive uropathy with anuria.

Treatment of both types of polycystic kidney disease is largely symptomatic. Renal dialysis and kidney transplantation during end-stage renal disease can prolong life but offer no cure. Families with histories of polycystic kidney disease require genetic counseling and may need help in coping with the prospect of future offspring afflicted with the disease.
polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) a clinical symptom complex associated with polycystic ovaries and characterized by oligomenorrhea or amenorrhea, anovulation (hence infertility), and hirsutism. Both hyperestrogenism (from peripheral conversion of androgen) and hyperandrogenism are present. Excretion of follicle-stimulating hormone and 17-ketosteroids is normal, but infertility is usually persistent, requiring treatment with wedge resection, clomiphene, or gonadotropins. Called also Stein-Leventhal syndrome.
polycystic renal disease polycystic kidney disease.

multicystic

(mŭl″tē-sĭs′tĭk)
Composed of or having many cysts.

multicystic

polycystic.
References in periodicals archive ?
The current concept of ameoblastoma is to define ameloblastoma into solid or multicystic types, unicystic subtypes, peripheral, and classical intraosseous types.
21) Case Additional US No pathology and size MRI 1 - Complex, - multiseptated, hypoechoic, intratesticular solid mass - 25x25x20 mm - Multicystic, intratesticular, haterogeneous solid mass 25x16x25 mm 2 - Fetal (36th week) - USG: Multicystic testicular mass Postnatal USG: encapsulated, complex cystic mass 15.
It was multicystic, radiolucent tumor involving outer and inner table of body of the mandible.
Eleven of the 12 multicystic kidneys (92%) identified on ultrasonography were confirmed on gross pathology examination, though microscopy was often required to classify these as either cystic or obstructive renal dysplasias.
It shows periventricular leucomalacia, multicystic encephalomalacia, brain stem and basal ganglia changes that represent varying degrees of hypoxic-ischaemic injury.
It is concluded that BOCs are a rare type of odontogenic cyst that are usually described in the literature as a multicystic variant of LPC.
Etiologies include multicystic dysplastic kidney, congenital unilateral renal agenesis, and vascular events.
It is considered a puzzling pathology in that it is doubtful whether a part of the primary desmoplastic variant transforms into the conventional variant, whether the desmoplastic change occurs secondarily in the stroma of a pre-existing solid multicystic ameloblastoma, or whether it is a collision tumor.
We were told he had a multicystic dysplastic kidney which hadn't formed properly and wasn't functioning," remembers Maria.
It is a benign, uni or multicystic intraosseous tumor, which originates from the dental lamina and its remnants, with a characteristic lining of Parakeratinized layered squamous epithelium.
A magnetic resonance imaging scan was subsequently done, and the report suggested the presence of a large, left frontal lobe, multicystic inhomogenous tumour with characteristics consistent with a ganglioglioma or pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma.
He was diagnosed with right sided pneumonia complicated with multicystic empyema, and he underwent thoracotomy with drainage, decortication, and chest tube placement.