mud

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Drug slang A regionally popular street term for opium or heroin
Molecular biology A defective derivative of phage Mu; mud insertions are used to construct operon and gene fusions in enteric bacteria
Vox populi A popular term for very strong coffee or espresso

donor

(do'nor) [Fr. doneur fr L. donator, giver, donor]
1. A person or animal that furnishes blood, tissue, or an organ to be used in another person.
2. In chemistry, a compound that frees part of itself to unite with another compound called an acceptor.

artificial insemination donor

Abbreviation: AID
A male who provides sperm to be used to fertilize a woman seeking to become pregnant.

blood donor

One who gives blood (or its components) to be used for transfusion.

cadaveric donor

One who donates an organ or tissue after his or her death.

directed donor

A family member, friend, or significant other who gives blood, an organ, or tissue to another person to support a vital function or prevent death.

HLA-mismatched related donor

Mismatched related donor.

human leukocyte antigen matched unrelated donor

Matched unrelated donor.

hydrogen donor

In oxidation-reduction reactions, a substance that gives up hydrogen atoms to another substance, the acceptor.
See: hydrogen acceptor

living donor

One who donates an organ or tissue while he or she is still living. Living donors must be healthy and antigenically matched to the recipient.

matched unrelated donor

Abbreviation: MUD
One who donates an organ or tissue (such as bone marrow stem cells) to another person with human leukocyte antigens identical to those of the organ recipient.
Synonym: human leukocyte antigen matched unrelated donor

mismatched related donor

Abbreviation: MMRD
An organ or tissue donor who is a family member of the organ recipient but whose human leukocyte antigens are not identical to those of the recipient. In general in organ transplantation, organ and recipient survival are highest when the donor and the recipient share the same HLA antigens.
Synonym: HLA-mismatched related donor

nondirected donor

A person who donates blood, an organ, or tissue to the community at large and is unknown to the recipient.

related HLA-identical donor

Related identical donor.

related identical donor

Abbreviation: RID
A family member who donates an organ or tissue (such as a kidney or bone marrow stem cells) to another family member who shares perfectly matched human leukocyte antigens. Organ transplantations from RIDs have higher success rates than transplants obtained from mismatched related donors (MMRDs) or from matched unrelated donors (MUDs).
Synonym: related HLA-identical donor

universal donor

A person who has group O red blood cells. In a life-threatening emergency this person's cells can be transfused into any patient in need of red blood cells.

matched unrelated donor

Abbreviation: MUD
One who donates an organ or tissue (such as bone marrow stem cells) to another person with human leukocyte antigens identical to those of the organ recipient.
Synonym: human leukocyte antigen matched unrelated donor
See also: donor

mud

pertaining to or emanating from wet conditions underfoot.

mud fever
said of horses affected by dermatophilosis, leptospirosis, greasy heel.
mud snail
lymnaeatruncatula.
References in periodicals archive ?
Due to the sharp drop in its share prices after the report, Sino-Forest has appointed "an independent committee-to thoroughly examine and review the allegations contained in Muddy Waters' report.
Now Kirklees Council has vowed to clean up the area where the Piazza-based attraction stood, after some complaints that the area now resembles a muddy ploughed field and is strewn with rubbish.
History is repeating itself Saturday, with a big change - Muddy has been gone for 25 years; and a smaller change - the Green Street club is now called the Lucky Dog Music Hall.
They said, "The idea behind a Muddy Matches Pub Social is that it's just a good excuse for a few cheeky drinks in a nice country pub, with the added bonus of potentially meeting some like-minded, muddy people.
They are among the favourites but a muddy course at San Giorgio su Legnano, Italy, could have a negative impact
The naked man, suspected of being high on drugs, tried to steal the workmen's truck after his own car apparently got stuck in a muddy dirt road, then hit a deputy in the face with a bunch of keys while trying to get into his patrol car, authorities said.
This photograph from America's Mars Express, circling 150 miles above the surface, clearly displays the new muddy colour.
Music fans yesterday faced a muddy start to the Glastonbury Festival with one inch of rain already soaking the ground and more wet weather predicted for the weekend.
The muddy bog story has to be the worst, but when working with animals every day you never know what is going to happen next.
Laurel native Muddy King, born Jared Holifield, recently received a Birmingham Area Music Award for "Best Male Vocals.
Although the wind is up, she spies flat, muddy water beyond the surf--a telltale sign of trouble.
The two contrasting lines of muddy, gestural strokes in Muddy Wall, 1994, that run the length of a gallery wall are nowhere near as extensive as one of Long's outdoor walks.