urticae were collected from ornamentals grown at Saltillo Coahuila, Mexico to establish a mother colony (stock colony) on bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.
These mated females were kept under the same environmental conditions as the mother colony, and 1 female per disc was an experimental unit.
1) Appendix 1 of the Katz and Lehr text contains a helpful list of all the Hutterite colonies in North America organized by province/state, year of establishment, mother colony and leut affiliation.
Obviously it requires considerable capital to buy the land and equipment and build the facilities to establish a new colony, whereupon the population of the mother colony can be divided.
The larvae were released from the common cloacal aperture of their mother colony
Swarms of honey bees split off from their mother colony
and go house-hunting, looking for a secure cavity in a tree or elsewhere that will make a good home for the new colony.
Unlike Apis, new colonies of stingless bees depend entirely for weeks or months upon the mother colony
The idea instigated by Pickett's friend, the noted African-American agriculturalist George Washington Carver's soil analysis, was to have the new settlements raise items that the mother colony
could not produce on its own soil.
While gathering this data the colony's date of establishment and the name of its mother colony
were also sought.