Morbillivirus

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Mor·bil·li·vi·rus

(mōr-bil'i-vī'rŭs),
A genus in the family Paramyxoviridae, including measles, canine distemper, and bovine rinderpest viruses.

Morbillivirus

/Mor·bil·li·vi·rus/ (-vi″rus) measles-like viruses; a genus of viruses of the family Paramyxoviridae, including the agents of measles and canine distemper.

morbillivirus

(môr-bĭl′ĭ-vī′rəs)
n.
Any of a genus of paramyxoviruses, including the causal agents of measles and rinderpest, that infect humans and other vertebrates.

Morbillivirus

A genus of viruses of the Paramyxoviridae family, including canine distemper virus, rinderpest virus, measles virus and equine morbillivirus, the last of which may rarely infect humans.

Mor·bil·li·vi·rus

(mōr-bil'i-vī'rŭs)
A genus in the family Paramyxoviridae, including measles, canine distemper, and bovine rinderpest viruses.

Morbillivirus

one of the three genera in the family Paramyxoviridae that includes the viruses of human measles, canine distemper, phocine distemper and rinderpest.

equine Morbillivirus
see equine henipavirus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Host-virus specificity of morbilliviruses predicted by structural modeling of the marine mammal SLAM, a receptor.
Characterization of morbilliviruses isolated from dolphins and porpoises in Europe.
Two morbilliviruses implicated in bottlenose dolphin epizootics.
The immune suppression is not only observed during natural infections but also after vaccination with attenuated strains of Morbilliviruses (Hussey et al.
CeMV is more closely related to ruminant morbilliviruses and human measles virus than to canine and phocine distemper viruses (1,2).
Serologic surveys indicate that morbilliviruses infect marine mammals worldwide (5); however, only 1 fatal case in a bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) has been confirmed in the Southern Hemisphere (in the southwestern Pacific Ocean) (6).
Three cetacean morbilliviruses have been identified: porpoise morbillivirus, isolated from harbor porpoises that died along the coast of Ireland (6); dolphin morbillivirus (DMV), first identified in striped dolphins from the Mediterranean Sea (2); and pilot whale morbillivirus, isolated from a long-finned pilot whale stranded in New Jersey, USA (7).
Morbilliviruses can switch hosts, and new ecologic niches created by the eradication of rinderpest may provide opportunities for PPR emergence in new hosts (4,5).
The reasons given for conducting basic research on rinderpest included that rinderpest viruses were a good model for studying aspects of morbilliviruses, such as mechanisms of replication, host pathogenicity, and interactions between host cell factors and viruses.
Pathogenicity of morbilliviruses for terrestrial carnivores.
Phylogenetic analysis of the hemagglutinin (H) genes of PDV, together with those of other morbilliviruses, suggests that the reemergent 2002 PDV is more closely related to a putative recent ancestral PDV than to the 1988 isolates (10).
This book consists of high quality scientific and historical research based on the editors' experience with morbilliviruses and collaborations with other researchers worldwide.