morbid obesity


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mor·bid o·be·si·ty

obesity sufficient to prevent normal activity or physiologic function, or to cause the onset of a pathologic condition.

morbid obesity

Etymology: L, morbidus, diseased, obesitas, fatness
an excess of body fat, or weight of 100 pounds over ideal body weight, that increases the risk of developing cardiac and endocrine disturbances, including coronary artery disease and diabetes mellitus, as well as some kinds of cancer.
A condition defined as a BMI of greater than 40 kg/m2. MO is common in the US and increasingly so in developed countries. The co-morbidities of morbid obesity are those of obesity, but more severe—type 2 diabetes, coronary artery disease/heart disease, sleep dypnoea, osteoarthritis and a 25–33% increased risk of breast, colorectal, endometrial, kidney, oesophageal and prostate cancer and an even higher risk of gallbladder cancer
Management Managing morbid obesity requires lifestyle changes including exercise, or surgery, which offers various solutions in the form of bypasses, resections, staples, etc. Bariatric surgery may result in significant weight loss, but potential jejuno-ileal bypass complications include steatorrhoea, liver failure, cirrhosis, oxalate deposition, gallstone formation, electrolyte imbalance—decreased Ca2+, Mg2+, K+—hypovitaminosis, psychologic problems, polyarthropathy, hair loss, pancreatitis, colonic pseudoobstruction, intussusception, pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis, and blind loop syndrome
Note: Mutations in the leptin gene are linked to insatiable appetite, morbid obesity and clinical defects which respond to leptin therapy. However, leptin gene mutations are ‘case report rare’ and for most of those suffering from morbid obesity, the problem is not genetic

morbid obesity

Superobesity Bariatircs A condition defined as 45 kg > ideal body weight, 2 times > ideal/standard weight or, for children, a triceps skin fold > 95th percentile of all children; despite significant weight loss following jejuno-ileal bypass, the procedure is complicated by steatorrhea, hepatic failure, cirrhosis, oxalate deposition, bile stone formation, electrolyte imbalance–↓ Ca2+, Mg2+, K+, hypovitaminosis, psychologic problems, polyarthropathy, hair loss, pancreatitis, colonic pseudoobstruction, intussusception, pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis, blind loop syndrome. See Gastric balloon, Obesity, Pickwick syndrome.

mor·bid o·be·si·ty

(mōr'bid ō-bē'si-tē)
Being sufficiently overweight so as to prevent normal activity or physiologic function or to cause the onset of a pathologic condition; BMI ≥40.

mor·bid o·be·si·ty

(mōr'bid ō-bē'si-tē)
Obesity sufficient to prevent normal activity or physiologic function or to cause the onset of a pathologic condition.
References in periodicals archive ?
Respondents residing in counties without obesity-prevention services have larger increase (or smaller decrease) from 2004 to 2005 in the probability of obesity and morbid obesity by 0.
is developing a less-invasive, implantable medical device to address morbid obesity.
Chowbey-Director of Max Institute of Minimal Access, Metabolic & Bariatric Surgery-provided valuable insights into the link between morbid obesity, bariatric surgery and related life-long monitoring of dietary and nutritional habits for a bariatric patient.
The authors of the report conclude: "There is good evidence to show that bariatric surgery is more effective than non-surgical approaches in the therapy of morbid obesity.
Only four previous studies looked at surgery for morbid obesity in children or adolescents.
The acquisition gives Allergan ownership of EndoArt's proprietary technology platform, including FloWatch([R]) technology, which powers the EASYBAND([R]) Remote Adjustable Gastric Band System, a next-generation, telemetrically-adjustable gastric banding device for the treatment of morbid obesity.
Washington, Mar 22 (ANI): A new study has found that undergoing laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding for morbid obesity is associated with relatively poor long-term outcomes.
The extra cash could also help establish the nation's first specialist morbid obesity service, operating out of hospitals in Bridgend and Swansea.
MAL noted that bariatric surgical nursing is an increasing favorite area of nursing and allied healthcare specialization and that there has been an exponential growth in the number of bariatric surgical procedures, including gastric surgery and banding, due to patient demand and the recognition that surgical intervention is the most effective treatment for morbid obesity.
Ezrin said that morbid obesity - defined as double the ideal body weight - reduces a person's lifespan by an average 10 percent to 20 percent.
More recently, food has been considered a substance of abuse, with morbid obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and other consequences the result of a pathological attachment to food.
The gene variant most strongly linked to childhood obesity and adult morbid obesity in the study is located near the PTER gene, the function of which is not known.