monounsaturated fatty acid

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Related to monounsaturated fatty acid: polyunsaturated fatty acid


(o-liv) ,

Extra Virgin Olive Oil

(trade name),

Monounsaturated Fatty Acid

(trade name),

Omega-9 Fatty Acids

(trade name)


Therapeutic: antihypertensives
Constipation.Cardiovascular disease.Hyperlipidemia.Hypertension.


Phenols present in olive oil have antioxidant, vasodilating, and antiplatelet properties. Olive oil also improves endothelial tissue function and decreases LDL cholesterol's contribution to atherogenesis in patients with hypercholesterolemia.

Therapeutic effects

Decreased blood pressure.
Decreased total cholesterol levels.


Absorption: Unknown
Distribution: Unknown
Metabolism and Excretion: Unknown
Half-life: Unknown

Time/action profile



Contraindicated in: None.
Use Cautiously in: Pregnancy and lactation (avoid using in amounts greater than those found in foods)Diabetes.

Adverse Reactions/Side Effects


  • contact dermatitis (topical)


May have additive hypoglycemic effects with antidiabetic agents May have additive hypotensive effects with antihypertensive agents May have additive hypoglycemic effects with herbs that decrease blood glucose levels includingdevil's clawfenugreekgarlicginsengandpsylliumMay have additive hypotensive effects with herbs that ↓ blood pressure includingcoenzyme Q-10fish oilL-argininecat's clawandstinging nettle
Oral (Adults) Constipation—30 mL of oil; Hypertension—30–40 grams/day; Hyperlipidemia—23 grams/day (2 tablespoons); Reduction of risk of first myocardial infarction—54 grams/day


Fruit pulp:

Nursing implications

Nursing assessment

  • Constipation: Assess patient for abdominal distention, presence of bowel sounds, and usual pattern of bowel function.
    • Assess color, consistency, and amount of stool produced
  • Hypercholesterolemia: Obtain a diet history, especially with regard to fat consumption.
  • Lab Test Considerations: Monitor serum cholesterol levels before and periodically during therapy.

Potential Nursing Diagnoses

Constipation (Indications)
Deficient knowledge, related to diet and medication regimen (Patient/Family Teaching)


  • Oral: Administer as directed.

Patient/Family Teaching

  • Instruct patient to take as directed.
  • Advice female patient to avoid taking more than is in normal food intake. Notify health care professional if pregnancy is planned or suspected or if breastfeeding.

Evaluation/Desired Outcomes

  • Soft, formed bowel movement when used for constipation.
  • Reduction in serum cholesterol levels.

monounsaturated fatty acid

A fatty acid containing one double bond between carbon atoms. It is found in olive oil and is the predominant fat in the Mediterranean diet. It is thought to reduce low-density lipoprotein levels without affecting high-density lipoprotein levels.
See: Mediterranean diet
See also: acid
References in periodicals archive ?
The avocado is rich in monounsaturated fatty acids, a diverse array of carotenoids, fiber, folate, glutathione, and phytosterols.
Japan, and Korea, monounsaturated fatty acids accumulate in adipose tissue in cattle fed high-concentrate, finishing diets.
Mediterranean dietary traditions for the molecular treatment of human cancer: anti-oncogenic actions of the main olive oil's monounsaturated fatty acid oleic acid (18:1n-9).
On the other hand, total monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA), conjugated linoleic acid (CLA, p<0.
They're also rich in monounsaturated fatty acids like oleic acid and palmitoleic acids, which studies show help boost the good cholesterol (HDL) while lowering the bad (LDL).
Their caloric content mainly comes from fats as they're rich in monounsaturated fatty acids that help lower LDL or "bad cholesterol" and increase HDL or "good cholesterol" in the blood.
The fatty acids of triacylglycerol are made up mainly of saturated fatty acids (SFAs) and monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA).
Enteral nutrition in the probe, rich in monounsaturated fatty acids and omega-3 fatty acids, carbohydrate modified starch and fructose, enriched with antioxidant vitamins C and E, E--carotene, green tea extract and magnesium, chromium (co-factor pt.
In addition to helping maintain heart health and keep inflammation levels under control, monounsaturated fatty acids, or MUFAs, may stop belly fat before it starts.
First, in its 2009 opinion "Scientific Opinion on Dietary Reference Values for Fats, including Saturated Fatty Acids, Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated Fatty Acids, Trans Fatty Acids and Cholesterol," the EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA), established an adequate intake for EPA and DHA of 250 mg/day, based on considerations of cardiovascular health.
Recent studies indicate that the nutritional quality of the fat in food products should be evaluated by taking into account cholesterol levels, saturated fatty acids (SFA), monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) [2].
Scientists believe that eating the Mediterranean way brings about a multitude of health benefits as the diet is packed with antioxidants, omega - 3 fatty acids as well as monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAS).