monoterpene


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Related to monoterpene: Sesquiterpene, diterpene

monoterpene

Any of a number of substances (e.g., limonene, perillyl alcohol) that consist of two isoprene units and have the molecular formula C10H16. They are major components of essential oils, are found in fruits, vegetables and other plants, and have antioxidant and carcinopreventive activity.
 
Monoterpenes induce the expression of phase-I and -II hepatic detoxification enzymes, selectively inhibit protein isoprenylation (which targets proteins to membrane) and induce expression of the mannose G phosphate/IGF-II receptor and TGF-beta.

monoterpene (mäˈ·n·terˑ·pēn),

n a member of the terpene group; comprises two units of isoprene that are linked by two carbon atoms with a single bond. Its molecular formula is C10H8. It has been used as an antiseptic, stimulant, analgesic, decongestant, and expectorant.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the present work we have demonstrated that G, a natural monoterpene present in the essential oils of several plants, significantly diminished the triglyceride and cholesterol levels in mouse blood, without exerting any effect on the animals' gain in body weight, food intake (Table 2), or liver histology (Fig.
Indole monoterpenes with antichemotactic activity from Psychotria myriantha: chemotaxonomic significance.
Anemiaceae, essential oil, monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, fern
Effects of two levels of monoterpene blend on rumen fermentation, terpene and nutrient flows in the duodenum and milk production in dairy goats.
High antimicrobial activity of the essential oils of thyme is also characterized by a high content of monoterpenes, such as hydrocarbons [gamma]-terpinene and [beta]-cymene [30].
Herbivores could not "smell out" certain monoterpenes from an essential oil, but if a monoterpene was predominant or overbalanced the concentration, the essential oil might provide an avoidance or deterrence effect.
They include: reduced concentrations of inhibitory monoterpenes from roots (Janson 1993; Paavolainen et al.
The compounds most affected by fat content included the classes of monoterpene and sesquiterpene hydrocarbons; terpenes containing oxygen; cyclopentenones; phenyl propanoids; and phenols.
For example, promising cancer drugs called monoterpenes bind to the receptor.
The Company's lead compound is NEO100, a novel, highly purified form of the monoterpene perillyl alcohol under development for treatment of deadly brain disease known as glioblastoma multiforme.
1997b) reported the biotransformation of lime-oxide-T (2-(1-methylethenyl)-5-ethenyl-5-methenyl-tetrahydrofuran), a cyclic monoterpene (198) by Glomerella cingulata.
Monoterpene Emissions from Rubber Trees (Hevea Brasiliensis) in a Changing Landscape and Climate: Chemical Speciation and Environmental Control.