monosodium glutamate


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monosodium glutamate

 [mon″o-so´de-um]
a salt of glutamic acid, used as a pharmaceutic necessity, and also used to enhance the flavor of foods. See also Chinese restaurant syndrome.

mon·o·so·di·um glu·ta·mate (MSG),

(mon'ō-sō'dē-ŭm glū'tă-māt),
The monosodium salt of the naturally occurring l form of glutamic acid; used as a flavor enhancer that is a cause or contributing factor to colloquially named "Chinese restaurant" syndrome; also used intravenously as an adjunct in treatment of encephalopathies associated with hepatic disease.

monosodium glutamate

/mono·so·di·um glu·ta·mate/ (-so´de-um) the monosodium salt of -glutamic acid, used as a pharmaceutic necessity and to enhance the flavor of foods.

monosodium glutamate (MSG)

[-sō′dē·əm]
a food flavor enhancer derived from naturally occurring salt of glutamic acid and a cause of Chinese restaurant syndrome. It is also used in the treatment of encephalopathies associated with liver disorders. Also called sodium glutamate.

MSG

A flavour-enhancing amino acid used in processed, packaged and fast foods, which is an excitatory neurotransmitter and neurotoxin. Other sources with up to 40% MSG include autolysed yeast, calcium caseinate, sodium caseinate, and hydrolysed and texturised proteins.
 
Toxicity
Headaches, heart palpitations, skin flushing, tightness of the chest. MSG may cause convulsions when injected into the peritoneal cavity of experimental animals, stimulating neurons until they die, an effect that has been implicated in brain damage in strokes, hypoglycaemia, trauma, seizures, Huntington’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s diseases and Guam-type amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; domoic aoid, a potent glutamate analogue, may cause toxic poisoning in mussel eaters, possibly causing an Alzheimer’s-like disease.

mon·o·so·di·um glu·ta·mate

(MSG) (mon'ō-sō'dē-ŭm glū'tă-māt)
The monosodium salt of the naturally occurring l form of glutamic acid; used as a flavor enhancer that is a cause or contributing factor to colloquially named "Chinese restaurant" syndrome; also used intravenously as an adjunct in treatment of encephalopathies associated with hepatic disease.

monosodium glutamate

The sodium salt of glutamic acid produced by acids or enzyme action on vegetable protein such as wheat gluten or soya bean. Monosodium glutamate is used as a culinary seasoning and flavouring agent and is believed to be responsible for the CHINESE RESTAURANT SYNDROME. Also known as Ajinomoto, Vetsin, Chinese seasoning, Accent or Zest.

mon·o·so·di·um glu·ta·mate

(MSG) (mon'ō-sō'dē-ŭm glū'tă-māt)
Monosodium salt of naturally occurring levorotatory form of glutamic acid; used as a flavor enhancer that is a cause or contributing factor to the colloquially named "Chinese restaurant" syndrome.
References in periodicals archive ?
Processed meats, soups, bouillons, salty snacks, croutons, gravies and ready-to-eat meals are especially high in monosodium glutamate.
There are six flavour enhancers in the MSG family, and they may be identified on labels by their names or by E numbers: Monosodium Glutamate (E621); Glutamic acid (E620); Monopotassium Glutamate (E622); Calcium Diglutamate (E623); Monoammonium Glutamate (E624) and Magnesium Diglutamate (E625).
Part H(5) states: "Any monosodium glutamate used as an ingredient in food shall be declared by its common or usual name monosodium glutamate.
Kimizuka (1979), "Psychometric Studies on the Taste of Monosodium Glutamate," In: Filer, L.
All foods with added MSG must list the ingredient on the label monosodium glutamate.
Bollywood stars Amitabh Bachchan, Madhuri Dixit and Preity Zinta have been dragged into the Maggi controversy after food inspectors in UP found excess lead and monosodium glutamate (MSG) in the noodles.
Thiruvananthapuram: While all of India appears caught in the "danger" of consuming Nestle India-product Maggi noodles for the allegedly high level of lead and monosodium glutamate in it, many Keralites have decided to differ.
Initial tests also found high levels of added monosodium glutamate, a taste enhancer.
Yeast extracts are benefiting from the trend of the increasing demand of more natural ingredients and pressure to reduce the usage of monosodium glutamate.
Neither the marinades nor the dressings contain monosodium glutamate.
All of the flavours (rsp: 82p) have been developed specifically for the UK market and are free from monosodium glutamate and artificial colours and flavours.
Fufeng Group is a Chinese bio-chemical company that produces and sells monosodium glutamate (MSG) for the food industry and xanthan gum (XG) for the food, cosmetics, and oil exploration industry.